Zemgalians

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zemgalians

 

(Zemgals, Zemigols), an ancient Latvian tribe. The group lived in the central part of Latvia, in the valley of the Lielupe River and its tributaries. In language, the Zemgalians are closely related to the ancient Latgals. From the 11th to the 13th century, the clan structure disintegrated and feudal relations were established. The Zemgalians were mostly farmers. In the 13th century the group fought the Germans persistently but fell under the control of the Livonian Knights in 1290. Subsequently the Zemgalians together with other ancient Latvian tribes merged into the Latvian nation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Latgallians, Selonians, Semigallians, the inhabitants of the southern areas of Curonia, as well as East Prussian and Lithuanian territories, spoke Baltic languages.
Forests are an important composite of Latvia's past--they provided the ancient Couronians, Latgallians, Selonians and Semigallians and Livonians (the five Baltic tribes that inhabited Latvia since the Ice Age glaciers melted) with shelter, hunting grounds and firewood.
By the end of the 13th century, the Baltic pagan tribes--the Lettgallians (letgali), Semigallians (zemgali), Curonians (kursi), and Selonians (seli) were completely subjugated under German rule.