Seminole War

Seminole War,

in U.S. history, armed conflict between the U.S. government and the Seminoles. In 1832 the U.S. government signed a treaty with the Seminoles, who lived in Florida, providing for their removal to Oklahoma in 1835 in exchange for a small sum of money. However, opposition to the treaty soon appeared among the Seminoles; under the leadership of the young chief, OsceolaOsceola
, c.1800–1838, leader of the Seminole. He was also called Powell, the surname of his supposed white father. In the early 1830s, Osceola was living close to Fort King, near the site of Ocala, Fla.
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, the Seminoles organized small raiding parties that attacked the American troops. The U.S. army was rendered helpless by the raiding tactics of the Native Americans and suffered heavy casualties. Although Osceola was captured in 1837 and died in prison a few months later, resistance continued. When Gen. William J. Worth became (1841) commander of U.S. forces, a new strategy was adopted. The Seminoles' crops were systematically burned and their villages destroyed. As winter approached and starvation was imminent, the Seminoles surrendered. A peace treaty was signed in 1842 and the Seminoles were removed westward. The war resulted in 1,500 U.S. soldiers killed, and cost more than $20 million.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Above: This bag was taken from Chief Cloud during the second Seminole War by Abner Lyon of Massachusetts.
Although there are several books covering the entire Seminole Wars period and excellent works on the First and Second Seminole Wars, the Third Seminole War has long been neglected.
The Second Seminole War and the Limits of American Aggression
Border Law: The First Seminole War and American Nationhood.
Though as a general Jackson was considered a hero of the War of 1812, he is said to have caused the First Seminole War when he invaded Spanish Florida in a violation of his orders, leading to an international incident when he executed two British citizens.
Though as a general, Jackson was considered a hero of the War of 1812, he is said to have caused the First Seminole War when he invaded Spanish Florida in violation of his orders, leading to an international incident when he executed two British citizens.
Steptoe and the Indian Wars: Life on the Frontier, 1815 - 1865" is a definitive biography in which Steptoe's career is chronicled as a field officer who served nearly four years in the Second Seminole War, won commendation for gallantry during the Mexican War, performed admirably (though controversially) in the Utah Territory, undertook construction of forts at Walla Walla in the newly defined Washington Territory, and engaged with various tribes throughout his deployments.
In the Seminole War debates, Jackson's supporters described Indians as "uncivilized and beast-like" to justify their pursuit into Florida (p.
This also led to the Second Seminole War, that lasted for seven years, until 1842, and killed 3,000 Indians and fugitive slaves.
Godfrey and Joie must work together to resist pirates, disease, fallout from the Seminole War, and more threats in this exciting page-turner ...
"The Politics of National Aggression: Congress and the First Seminole War." Journal of the Early, Republic 13 (4): 501-30.