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city, Kazakhstan: see SemeySemey
or Semipalatinsk
, city (1993 est. pop. 342,000), capital of Semey region, NE Kazakhstan, on the Irtysh River and the Turkistan-Siberia RR. It is a river port, rail terminus, and commercial center, with large freight depots for river and rail transport.
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a city and administrative center of Semi-palatinsk Oblast, Kazakh SSR. Situated on both banks of the Irtysh River. Landing on the right bank; railroad station. Population, 271,000 (1975; 57,000 in the 1926 census, 110,000 in 1939, and 156,000 in 1959).

Semipalatinsk was founded in 1718 as a fortress at a site 18 km farther downstream on the Irtysh and was moved to its present site in 1776. Prior to 1782, it was named Semipalatka, after the number of buildings located near the fortress. In the 18th century the city was a center of transit trade. In 1745 it became part of Siberian Province, and in 1782, a district capital. In 1796 it became part of Tomsk Province, and in 1854 an oblast administrative center. At the end of the 19th century, Semipalatinsk was a place of political exile. Soviet power was established in the city on Feb. 16, 1918. In 1918 and 1919 the city was held by White Guards. From 1920 to 1928 it was the administrative center of a province, and from 1928 to 1932, center of a district. In 1932 it became the administrative center of Vostochnyi Kazakhstan Oblast, and in 1939, administrative center of Semipalatinsk Oblast. In 1930 the Turkestan-Siberian Railroad reached Semipalatinsk.

During the years of Soviet power, Semipalatinsk has grown into one of the republic’s important industrial centers. Light industry and the food-processing industry are the principal economic activities. Semipalatinsk’s share in the production of consumer goods in the republic is 35 percent. The city is the site of Kazakhstan’s largest factories, which produce footwear, worsted fabric, and knitwear. In addition to the Bol’shevichka Clothing Firm, there is a factory for processing raw wool and a leather and fur combine. Among the city’s food-processing enterprises is one of the largest meat-packing combines in the Soviet Union. There are plants producing fittings, cables, concrete, and building materials, and there is a facility for ship repair.

Educational institutions in Semipalatinsk include zootechni-cal-veterinary, medical, and pedagogical institutes, a branch of the Dzhambul Technological Institute of Light Industry and Food Processing, a department of the Ust’-Kamenogorsk Institute of Road Construction, and 14 specialized secondary schools. There are Russian and Kazakh drama theaters and a museum of local lore.

During the 1850’s, Ch. Ch. Valikhanov was in military service in Semipalatinsk, and F. M. Dostoevsky was forced to serve as a soldier in the city. Abai Kunanbaev at different times studied and lived in the city. There are literary memorial museums in honor of F. M. Dostoevsky and Abai Kunanbaev.


Semipalatinsku—250 let. Alma-Ata, 1968.
Cherepanov, D. F. Imena na obeliskakh. Alma-Ata, 1970.


a city in NE Kazakhstan on the Irtysh River; an important communications centre. Pop.: 282 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Las zonas libres de armas nucleares parecen ser un asunto Norte-Sur, puesto que mientras que el Hemisferio Sur esta practicamente cubierto por diversos tratados en la materia, en el Hemisferio Norte solo existen los instrumentos de Semipalatinsk o Semey, Bangkok y Mongolia, en tanto buena parte de los paises localizados en esa extensa region del mundo no participan en iniciativas de este tipo.
When I visited Semipalatinsk in 2010, I saw the toxic damage, but I also witnessed the resolve of the victims and survivors.
In the OIC CFM resolutions the Kazakhstan's proposals was supported, relating to the former Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, restoration of the Aral Sea region, Agreement on the zone free of nuclear weapons in Central Asia, the universal declaration on nuclear-free world, support of the CICA and "EXPO-2017", and also such initiatives as the establishment of the Islamic Organization for Food Security (IOFS) with headquarters in Astana.
Fittingly, the town is named after Soviet nuclear physicist Igor Kurchatov and was once the town was once the centre of operations for the adjoining Semipalatinsk Test Site.
I was born 100 kilometres from the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site where the Soviet Union exploded more than 600 nuclear devices between 1949 and 1991.
He was the first to visit a nuclear-weapons test site--the huge area near Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
Vertical distribution and estimated doses from artificial radionuclides in soil samples around the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the Semipalatinsk nuclear testing site.
The concentrations of lead decrease with the bias to the east of the western regions to Arkalyk, and then they grow in the area from Schuchinsk to Semipalatinsk and Ridder.
So in 1991, the Soviet cabinet minister responsible for the environment, Nikolai Vorontsov, announced that due to popular pressure the test site at Semipalatinsk, in Kazakhstan, was "for all practical purposes not working any more" (Wittner, 2003, p.
Eighteen years after the closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution declaring 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests.
The NNC is also solely responsible for the evaluation of the effects of many years' worth of nuclear tests at the highly contaminated former Semipalatinsk 21 (S-21) Test Site.
With a technical office in Almaty, the former Kazakh capital city, it also maintains offices in Aktyubinsk and Semipalatinsk, near Benkala and Baitemir operations.