Senatus Consultum


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Related to Senatus Consultum: quaestor, Senatus consultum de Bacchanalibus, Quæstor
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Senatus Consultum

 

in ancient Rome, the opinion of the Senate, enacted according to established procedure and possessed of binding force. All important questions of state administration, war and peace, justice (the form of a trial), and taxes—among others—were regulated by senatus consulta.

In France, during the consulate and First and Second empires, an act that amended or supplemented the constitution was called a senatus consultum. In theory, the senatus consultum originated in the Senate; in fact, however, it was decreed by the consul or emperor. Thus, Napoleon was made consul for life by the senatus consultum of Aug. 4, 1802, and the empire was established by the senatus consultum of May 18, 1804.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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That a Porphyrian fragment, too, clearly refers to the same senatus consultum of A.D.
In this way they would have been astonished by his miracles and would not have emitted, with a unanimous senatus consultum [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]], a sentence of death under accusation of impiety against his followers.
Porphyry added to this lore the mention of <<the Senate and the people of Rome>> obviously because he wanted to introduce the theme of the condemnation of Christianity on the part of Rome, by means of the reference to the senatus consultum of A.D.
Tertullian's account of the senatus consultum of A.D.
246, concluded that `from this answer to the praetor it is to be gathered that, besides the numerous trials for `maiestas' held before the senate, which alone are reported by Tacitus, other persons, apparently of lower rank, must have been tried under this law before the courts.' So too Eck et al., Das senatus consultum, pp.
(29) The text with a German translation can now be found in Eck et al., Das senatus consultum, pp.
"Cicero and the Senatus Consultum Ultimum." Historia 20 (1971) 47-61.
The view that SC2 and SC3 were not two separate, conflicting decrees, as is universally assumed, but rather individual clauses of a single senatus consultum, passed on Sulpicius' motion, can be further supported by reviewing what is known about Antony's role in publishing documents in Caesar's name during the spring of 44.
In the Jewish Antiquities (14.221) Josephus relates that on 11 April the Senate voted to record a senatus consultum that had been passed earlier on 9 February at a meeting presided over by Caesar.
When in both the private letters and speeches Cicero criticizes the beneficia that were allegedly granted by Caesar to Deiotarus and Cloelius, he might be expected to lament the repeal of a senatus consultum banning such publications, if one had existed (particularly if it had been repealed at Antony's request, as Dio reports).
(36) |Accessit ad senatus consultum lex quae lata est a.d.