Jean Senebier

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Senebier, Jean


Born May 6, 1742, in Geneva; died there July 22, 1809. Swiss naturalist. Senebier’s principal works dealt with plant physiology, particularly photosynthesis. He showed experimentally that the source of carbon in green plants is carbon dioxide, which is absorbed by the plants in sunlight. Senebier, who proposed the term “plant physiology” in 1791, wrote the first textbook on the discipline (Physiologique végétale, vols. 1–5, 1800). He laid the experimental foundations of photochemistry. He also wrote a number of works on meteorology, physics, and chemistry.


Timiriazev, K. A. “Zhan Seneb‘e, osnovatel’ fiziologii rastenii.” Sochineniia, vol. 8. Moscow, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
In one of his books, Jean de Senebier advised the philosophers that "dogmatism was the worst enemy of observation" and that "philosophical doubt should extend to everything that exists about the object being studied, from the ideas of others to those of great men, whose authority is generally irresistible" (46).
SENEBIER, Jean 1802 Essai sur L'Art d'observer et de faire des experiences.
We all owe an enormous debt to Steven Hales, Jean Senebier, Theodore de Saussure, Jean-Baptiste Boussingault, and dozens of other scientists who helped discover the mineral nutrient requirements of plants (Epstein, 1972).
De este interes suyo encontramos varios testimonios en las cartas a Jean Senebier y a otros corresponsales (3).
Abbot Jean Senebier, en el prologo al trabajo experimental de Spallanzani, escribio: "No hay un hombre, una planta, un animalculus en un charco que no haya existido, y casi me atreveria a decir vivido, durante seis mil anos [el lapso de tiempo transcurrido desde la Creacion, de acuerdo con la interpretacion de las Escrituras de algunos teologos], y que no haya experimentado desde entonces un desarrollo sucesivo en senos matemos .
While a fair amount of space is given to analysing seventeenth-century correspondence, an anonymous pamphlet of 1789, and an essay by the comparatively obscure Swiss naturalist Jean Senebier, some writers normally seen as major figures of the Enlightenment are neglected.