a Russian noble family of naval officers.

Naum Akimovich Seniavin. Born circa 1680; died May 24 (June 4), 1738. Vice admiral (1727).

N. A. Seniavin entered military service in 1698 as a soldier of the Preobrazhenskii Regiment. He subsequently served as a seaman and noncommissioned officer in the Baltic Fleet and distinguished himself in the Northern War of 1700–21. In 1713 he was appointed commander of a ship of the line. At the battle of Osel in 1719, while commanding a detachment of ships, he compelled three Swedish ships to surrender. A member of the Naval Collegia from 1721, Seniavin commanded the galley fleet from 1728 to 1732. In the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–39, he commanded the Dnieper Naval Flotilla from September 1737.

Aleksei Naumovich Seniavin. Born 1716; died Aug. 10 (21), 1797. Admiral (1775).

The son of N. A. Seniavin, A. N. Seniavin entered the navy in 1734 with the rank of ensign. He served in the Dnieper Naval Flotilla during the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–39 and in the Baltic Fleet from 1739. During the Seven Years’ War of 1756–63, A. N. Seniavin commanded a ship of the line at the blockade of Kolberg (Kotobrzeg). From 1762 to 1766 he was in retirement. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74, he commanded the Don Military Flotilla, supporting the Russian troops’ capture of the fortresses of Kerch and Enikale and defending the Crimean coast and the Kerch’ Strait. He helped create the Black Sea Fleet. A. N. Seniavin was a member of the Naval Collegia from 1794.

Dmitrii Nikolaevich Seniavin. Born Aug. 6 (17), 1763, in the village of Komlevo, now in Borovsk Raion, Kaluga Oblast; died Apr. 5 (17), 1831. Russian naval commander, adjutant general (1825), and admiral (1826).

The second cousin of A. N. Seniavin, D. N. Seniavin graduated from the Naval Cadet School in 1780 and entered service in the Black Sea Fleet in 1783. He fought in the battle of Cape Kaliakra in the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–91 and commanded the battleship St. Peter in Ushakov’s Mediterranean campaign of 1798–1800. In November 1798, while commanding a detachment of ships, D. N. Seniavin took the French fortress on Santa Maura Island and took part in the assault on Corfu. In 1806, while in command of a Russian fleet in the Adriatic, he prevented the French seizure of the Ionian Islands and captured several important fortresses, including Cattaro. In 1807, during the Second Archipelago Expedition, a Russian Aegean fleet under Seniavin’s command blockaded the Dardanelles and defeated the Ottoman fleet in battles in the Dardanelles and near Athos, which ensured the supremacy of the Russian fleet in the Greek archipelago.

D. N. Seniavin carried the naval tactics developed by F. F. Ushakov a step farther, maneuvering and concentrating forces to strike at the enemy’s flagships and coordinating the movements of tactical groups of ships along main and auxiliary axes. He showed great solicitude for the well-being of his crews, treating the seamen humanely and in return enjoying great popularity among them. He also displayed outstanding diplomatic abilities, especially during the Anglo-Russian War of 1807–12, when a Russian squadron found itself in difficulties in Lisbon. However, Alexander I was adamant in his dissatisfaction with Seniavin, both for the latter’s independent actions in the Mediterranean and for his negotiations with the British, as a result of which the Russian squadron was interned. Upon his return to St. Petersburg, Seniavin was appointed in 1811 to the minor post of commander of the port of Revel; in 1813 he was retired.

D. N. Seniavin’s democratic views attracted the attention of the Decembrists, who planned to give him a post in a provisional government they hoped to establish. In 1825, as Russo-Turkish relations deteriorated, Seniavin was recalled to service and appointed commander of the Baltic Fleet.

Various natural and man-made features are named after D. N. Seniavin—an island group in the Caroline Islands, capes on Bristol Bay of the Bering Sea and on southeastern Sakhalin Island, and several warships of the Russian and Soviet navies.


“Zapiski admirala D. N. Seniavina.” In V. Goncharov, Admiral Seniavin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.


Shapiro, A. L. Admiral D. N. Seniavin. Moscow, 1958.
Tarle, E. V. Ekspeditsiia admirala D. N. Seniavina v Sredizemnoe more (1805–1807). Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
By the 1980's, four primary haulout sites were being used by walrus in Bristol Bay, including Round Island, Cape Peirce, Cape Newenham, and Cape Seniavin. However, peak counts at the largest haulout on Round Island declined in the 1980's by more than 50% from counts in the late 1970's (Okonek et al., 2009).
In addition to direct observations of Ilnik pack members during radio-tracking flights, incidental observations of non-pack members elsewhere in the study area included wolves feeding on walrus carcasses at a haul-out near Cape Seniavin (Fig.
Marrese has an interesting discussion of this (63-64, 68-69) in general but without reference to the 1737 Seniavin case discussed by Novitskaia (528-29).
Three other Bristol Bay haul-outs, Cape Seniavin, Cape Peirce, and Cape Newenham, were reoccupied between the late 1970s and early 1980s (Frost et al., 1982; Mazzone, 1986).
Walruses typically began using the Cape Seniavin (CS) and Round Island (RI) sites in early spring and the Cape Peirce (CP) and Cape Newenham (CN) sites in mid-summer; therefore, most transmitters were deployed either at CS and RI in May and early June (37%) or at CP in August (49%); three transmitters were deployed at CN.
Field report: Bristol Bay Walrus Haulout Monitoring Program, Cape Seniavin, summer 2001.
The north Alaska Peninsula (NAP) study area ranged from Cape Mordvinof on Unimak Island in the west to Cape Seniavin in the east.
Another explanation for the belugas' disappearance from Eschscholtz Bay is the ice entrapment and subsequent deaths of thousands of belugas in Seniavin Strait, Chukotka, Russia, in the winter of 1984 - 85 (Armstrong, 1985; Ivashin and Shevlagin, 1987).
Sireniki hunters are familiar with the coast from Cape Chukotskiy to Kurupka, and some of the participants had experience in the Kresta Bay area to the west, and in the Seniavin Strait area to the east (Fig.
Yanrakinnot is located on the northern mainland shore of Seniavin Strait, at the mouth of the Marich River (Fig.
They had come from southern Seniavin Strait, to Penkignei Bay, and then east into the open sea (Fig.
When the large group of belugas was trapped in the ice in Seniavin Strait in 1984 - 85 (Fig.