old age

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old age:

see geriatricsgeriatrics
, the branch of medicine concerned with conditions and diseases of the aged. Many disabilities in old age are caused by or related to the deterioration of the circulatory system (see arteriosclerosis), e.g.
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old age

the last part of the individual LIFE COURSE, associated with declining faculties, low social worth and detachment from previous social commitments. It is a social construct rather than a biological stage, since its onset and significance vary historically and culturally. See also AGEING, GERONTOLOGY.

Old Age


the period of life that inevitably sets in after middle age and is characterized by significant metabolic, structural, and functional changes in organs and systems that limit the adaptability of the body. Old age is a result of the dynamic process of aging. According to one system of age classification, 75–90 years of age is considered old age, and over 90, advanced old age.

An individual’s physical appearance, work capacity, and mental abilities change with old age, as does the course of many diseases. The skin becomes thinner and less elastic, and wrinkles and pigment spots appear. The hair turns gray and falls out. Visual acuity decreases, and lenticular opacity develops, often resulting in the formation of cataracts. An individual may grow shorter, and curvature of the spine is common. Joint mobility is limited, and bones become fragile and lose calcium. Mental performance declines, and a person becomes more easily fatigued, less able to recall recent events, and subject to sleep disturbances.

Because of their adaptive mechanisms, some old people can maintain a high level of intellectual activity for a long time and remain alert and creative. With old age, organs and tissues are less influenced by neural factors but are more sensitive to humoral influences. Age-related changes in the vascular wall and in protein and lipid metabolism contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis. Changes in digestion may cause vitamin deficiency. The rate of aging and extent of changes in organs and tissues vary with each individual. (For changes that occur with aging on the cellular level and in functional systems see.)


old age

[′ōld ′āj]
The last stage of the erosion cycle in the development of the topography of a region in which erosion has reduced the surface almost to base level and the land forms are marked by simplicity of form and subdued relief. Also known as topographic old age.
References in periodicals archive ?
PESHAWAR -- A law meant to provide certain privileges to around 2.8 million senior citizens of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa could not be implemented during the last five years as the provincial government and its bureaucracy have no interest to facilitate the elderly people of the society, according to sources.
The UAE Ministry of Health and Prevention has launched a number of initiatives to support health care for senior citizens, including the establishment of a database to monitor their life expectancy in the country, expand healthcare programmes and services, and home-care services in particular.
The council will assist retired senior citizens in receiving their pension-related benefits and other dues from the departments and organisations concerned.
" I make an appeal to all senior citizens of our country to reach us through their talents and prove that , age does not come in the way of doing any thing and one can start a new inning after 60 years of age" Atul added.
As a result, officers responding to service calls from elderly citizens now assess the situation and, when necessary, refer residents to a senior citizens police advocate.
The majority of people with disabilities (56%) and the majority of senior citizens (69%) were unemployed or retired.
People with disabilities and senior citizens reported that they relied on the following techniques to find jobs: reading the want ads, seeking help from family and friends, using the state job service, and making cold calls on businesses.
9994 or the Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2010 will now be abolished and all of the functions, programs, activities and projects of the DSWD (Department for Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) for the poor, vulnerable and disadvantaged senior citizens would now be transferred to the NCSC.
According to Moreno, this would allow senior citizens who are still in good shape and health to have earnings while not exploiting their body too much.
In order to avail of the discounts, senior citizens or their duly authorized representative must present an original and valid senior citizen identification card issued by the Office of Senior Citizens Affairs (OSCA) in the place where he or she resides, and the necessary purchase booklets for medicines and commodities.
Free maintenance medicines for senior citizens, especially for those with hypertension and diabetes, are now available at the local health office.
They also appreciate the special care our cabin crew provide them during their flight, assisting them to go to the lavatory, stow their bags, help them with forms, etc." Senior Citizens can avail themselves of a 20-percent discount for ticket purchases of domestic flights in line with the Senior Citizen Law.

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