Sennacherib


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Related to Sennacherib: Esarhaddon

Sennacherib

(sĕnăk`ərĭb) or

Senherib,

d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of SargonSargon,
d. 705 B.C., king of Assyria (722–705 B.C.), successor to Shalmaneser V. He completed Shalmaneser's siege of Samaria in 721 B.C., thus destroying the northern Israelite kingdom forever. In 720 he defeated a coalition of enemies at Raphia.
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, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father. It is difficult to determine the exact sequence of his conquests, but his first campaign seems to have been waged against Babylonia. Later he marched against an uprising of the western nations (Phoenicia, Judah, and Philistia), who were supported by Egypt. He defeated the Egyptians at Eltekeh (701 B.C.) and prepared to take Jerusalem. Isaiah had warned HezekiahHezekiah
, in the Bible, king of Judah, son and successor of Ahaz. During his reign Sennacherib of Assyria routed (701 B.C.) the rebellious Jews, laid seige to Jerusalem, and exacted a high indemnity from them.
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 not to join the uprising against Assyria, but the king had refused the advice. Thus, Sennacherib destroyed many of Judah's cities and besieged Jerusalem, forcing the king to pay a heavy tribute.

Disturbances in Babylonia called the king to that area, and he waged a naval campaign against the Chaldaeans. He laid Elam waste and finally fought both the Chaldaeans and the Elamites at the battle of Halulina (Khaluli; c.691 B.C.). The exact outcome of the battle is uncertain. Two years later Sennacherib captured and destroyed Babylon. He constructed canals and aqueducts and built a magnificent palace at NinevehNineveh
, ancient city, capital of the Assyrian Empire, on the Tigris River opposite the site of modern Mosul, Iraq. A shaft dug at Nineveh has yielded a pottery sequence that can be equated with the earliest cultural development in N Mesopotamia.
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. Two of his sons, jealous of their brother Esar-haddon, murdered Sennacherib. Esar-haddonEsar-Haddon
, king of ancient Assyria (681–668 B.C.), son of Sennacherib. Immediately upon ascending the throne he had to put down serious revolts and defeat the Chaldaeans. He was successful in both enterprises.
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 succeeded to the throne.

Bibliography

See L. L. Homor, Sennacherib's Invasion of Palestine (1926, repr. 1966); B. S. Childs, Isaiah and the Assyrian Crisis (1967).

Sennacherib

 

King of Assyria from 705 to 680 B.C Son of and successor to Sargon II. Unlike his father, Sennacherib supported the military party. Waging a struggle against Babylonia and its allies, he ordered Babylon destroyed in 689. He devoted much attention to the architectural improvement of the city of Nineveh, the residence of the Assyrian kings. Sennacherib was killed in a palace coup in which his sons took part.

Sennacherib

died 681 bc, king of Assyria (705--681); son of Sargon II. He invaded Judah twice, defeated Babylon, and rebuilt Nineveh
References in periodicals archive ?
The relics include items from the palace of King Sennacherib, who in the Byron poem "came down like the wolf on the fold'' to destroy his enemies.
And when King Sennacherib was come back, fleeing from Judea by reason of the slaughter that God had made about him for his blasphemy, and being angry slew many of the children of Israel, Tobias buried their bodies" (Tob 1:19-21).
Layard excavated the principal mound which contains the palaces of Sennacherib and Assurbanipal.
Other kings represented include Tiglath-Pileser III (744-727 BCE), Sargon II (721-705 BCE), Sennacherib (704-681 BCE), and Ashurbanipal (669-627 BCE).
At the finals Nathania chose to recite The Destruction of Sennacherib, by Lord George Gordon Byron and Originally, by Carol Ann Duffy, which she performed beautifully in front of a panel of guest judges from the world of poetry, acting and English teaching.
She thinks the engineering feat was achieved by Assyrian king Sennacherib in the 7th Century BC, not by Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II around 100 years later, as many believe.
She believes the garden was created by the Assyrian king Sennacherib, enemy of the Babylonians.
Stephanie Dalley of Oxford University's Oriental Institute, finally pieced together enough evidence to prove that the gardens were built in Nineveh by the great Assyrian ruler Sennacherib - and not by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, the Independent reported.
There are 130 poems in the anthology, including John Donne's The Good-Morrow, The Applicant by Plath and Byron's The Destruction of Sennacherib.
from Jerusalem, under King Hezekiah of Judah (II Kings 19:9), after the destruction of such places as the cities of Libnah and Lachish in ancient Palestine, that was due to the intervention of Pharaoh Taharqa and a Kushite army that terrified the mighty Assyrian army and obliged them to return home to Mesopotamia, where Sennacherib was assassinated by his son Esarhaddon (680-669 B.
The long discussion of this first exception alights eventually on the subject of Hezekiah in the role of the Messiah prophesied in Isaiah 9:5-6 and Sennacherib in the role of his eschatological foe.
The Assyrian god Nisroch, worshipped by King Sennacherib, was a human-figure who bore the head and wings of a vulture.