Sennacherib


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Related to Sennacherib: Esarhaddon

Sennacherib

(sĕnăk`ərĭb) or

Senherib,

d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of SargonSargon,
d. 705 B.C., king of Assyria (722–705 B.C.), successor to Shalmaneser V. He completed Shalmaneser's siege of Samaria in 721 B.C., thus destroying the northern Israelite kingdom forever. In 720 he defeated a coalition of enemies at Raphia.
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, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father. It is difficult to determine the exact sequence of his conquests, but his first campaign seems to have been waged against Babylonia. Later he marched against an uprising of the western nations (Phoenicia, Judah, and Philistia), who were supported by Egypt. He defeated the Egyptians at Eltekeh (701 B.C.) and prepared to take Jerusalem. Isaiah had warned HezekiahHezekiah
, in the Bible, king of Judah, son and successor of Ahaz. During his reign Sennacherib of Assyria routed (701 B.C.) the rebellious Jews, laid seige to Jerusalem, and exacted a high indemnity from them.
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 not to join the uprising against Assyria, but the king had refused the advice. Thus, Sennacherib destroyed many of Judah's cities and besieged Jerusalem, forcing the king to pay a heavy tribute.

Disturbances in Babylonia called the king to that area, and he waged a naval campaign against the Chaldaeans. He laid Elam waste and finally fought both the Chaldaeans and the Elamites at the battle of Halulina (Khaluli; c.691 B.C.). The exact outcome of the battle is uncertain. Two years later Sennacherib captured and destroyed Babylon. He constructed canals and aqueducts and built a magnificent palace at NinevehNineveh
, ancient city, capital of the Assyrian Empire, on the Tigris River opposite the site of modern Mosul, Iraq. A shaft dug at Nineveh has yielded a pottery sequence that can be equated with the earliest cultural development in N Mesopotamia.
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. Two of his sons, jealous of their brother Esar-haddon, murdered Sennacherib. Esar-haddonEsar-Haddon
, king of ancient Assyria (681–668 B.C.), son of Sennacherib. Immediately upon ascending the throne he had to put down serious revolts and defeat the Chaldaeans. He was successful in both enterprises.
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 succeeded to the throne.

Bibliography

See L. L. Homor, Sennacherib's Invasion of Palestine (1926, repr. 1966); B. S. Childs, Isaiah and the Assyrian Crisis (1967).

Sennacherib

 

King of Assyria from 705 to 680 B.C Son of and successor to Sargon II. Unlike his father, Sennacherib supported the military party. Waging a struggle against Babylonia and its allies, he ordered Babylon destroyed in 689. He devoted much attention to the architectural improvement of the city of Nineveh, the residence of the Assyrian kings. Sennacherib was killed in a palace coup in which his sons took part.

Sennacherib

died 681 bc, king of Assyria (705--681); son of Sargon II. He invaded Judah twice, defeated Babylon, and rebuilt Nineveh
References in periodicals archive ?
So he took the war letter from Sennacherib into the temple and spread it open before the Lord.
Creating a Political Climate: Literary Allusions to Enuma Elis in Sennacherib's Account of the Battle of Halule.
On Sennacherib's construction projects, see Grayson 113-17.
However, in our day, there are no Amalekites because the Assyrian King Sennacherib had dispersed all the nations more than 2,500 years earlier.
One of these occasions was in 701 BCE when Sennacherib's army marched southwards along the Mediterranean, capturing the Phoenician cities of Byblos/Gebal and Sidon, and the Philistine cities of Ashdod and Ashkelon.
Last April, ISIL demolished the Gate of God which dates back to the 7th century BC, the time of the Assyrian king Sennacherib.
In approximately 700 BC, King Sennacherib made Nineveh the new capital of Assyria.
It was a powerful place under Sennacherib and Ashurbanipal in the 17th century BC but was destroyed by Babylonia and its allies in 612 B.C.
The British Museum must now promote to the public its Assyrian lamassu, those vast winged gatekeeper figures, and, insofar as such a thing is possible, make seeing them and the friezes from the palaces of Ashurnasirpal II and Sennacherib imperative to any visit.
The relics include items from the palace of King Sennacherib, who in the Byron poem "came down like the wolf on the fold'' to destroy his enemies.
Some texts, of course, have opposite readings of history, such as Sennacherib's attack on Jerusalem in 701 as reported in his royal annals and the quite opposite outcome of that battle in the Bible.
And when King Sennacherib was come back, fleeing from Judea by reason of the slaughter that God had made about him for his blasphemy, and being angry slew many of the children of Israel, Tobias buried their bodies" (Tob 1:19-21).