Sentinum


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Sentinum

(sĕntī`nəm), ancient town of Umbria, E central Italy, near the modern town of Sassoferrato. In 295 B.C. the Romans (led by Publius Decius Mus) defeated the Gauls and the Samnites there. It was the most important battle in the Roman conquest of Italy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Au livre X, 28, 15, l'historien rapporte le comportement hero'ique de Decius fils en 295 a Sentinum, qui, lors du combat contre les Samnites, appuyes par les Gaulois et les Etrusques, decide de se devouer pour la communaute a laquelle il appartient afin de garantir le succes romain.
As Giorgio Nonni and Mariarita Casarosa observed some years ago, the cameo was discovered early during the second half of the 16th century in the ancient Roman city of Sentinum, near Sassoferrato in the Marches.
Decius Mus at the Battle of Sentinum in 295 B.C., is an even clearer example of a play focusing on the holder of imperium as the leader of his people, the one who assures their victory by his own valour and his good relations with the gods.(68) There is no evidence for a patronal context for Accius' play and a family connection remains elusive.(69) At the same time, it is clear from Cicero that the Romans themselves were quite aware that the Decii and their tradition of self-sacrifice in battle could be used as a strategy of self-advertisement.(70) Cicero rejects the whole notion that the gods would accept a traditional devotio in which a commander could pledge his life in return for the victory of Rome.