Sequoyah


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Related to Sequoyah: Sitting Bull
Sequoyah
ᏍᏏᏉᏯ
BirthplaceTaskigi, Cherokee Nation (near present day Knoxville, Tennessee)
NationalityCherokee
Occupation
silversmith, blacksmith, teacher, soldier

Sequoyah

(sĭkwoi`ə), c.1766–1843, Native North American leader, creator of the Cherokee syllabary, b. Loudon co., Tenn. Although many historians believe that he was the son of a Cherokee woman and a white trader named Nathaniel Gist, his descendants dispute this claim. To most Americans he was known as George Guess; to the Cherokee he was known as Sogwali. The name Sequoyah was given to him by missionaries. A silversmith and a trader in the Cherokee country in Georgia, he set out to create a system for reducing the Cherokee language to writing, and he compiled a table of 85 characters; he took some letters from an English spelling book and by inversion, modification, and invention adopted the symbols to Cherokee sounds. There is some dispute as to when the syllabary was completed. Many historians date its completion at about 1821; Cherokee tradition holds that it was created much earlier and was actually in use as early as the late 18th cent. In 1822, Sequoyah visited the Cherokee in Arkansas, and soon he taught thousands of the Native Americans to read and write. He moved with them to present-day Oklahoma. Parts of the Bible were soon printed in Cherokee, and in 1828 a weekly newspaper was begun. His remarkable achievement helped to unite the Cherokee and make them leaders among other Native Americans. The giant tree, sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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, is named for him.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. Foreman (1938, repr. 1970) and C. C. Coblentz (1946, repr. 1962); Traveller Bird, Tell Them They Lie: The Sequoyah Myth (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
But there is no story quite like that of Sequoyah, who almost single-handedly invented a written form for the language of the largest tribe in America.
Sequoyah presented his syllabary to the Cherokee nation in 1821.
The second study area is located at Sequoyah NWR, a site where map turtles and alligator snapping turtles have been sympatric for many years.
The combination of Cyte with industry-leading customized technology and SaaS (software as a service) systems from Sequoyah will significantly extend Sequoyah's powerful solutions portfolio for capturing, storing and visualizing data, managing risk, while enabling customers to implement customized systems that fit their business.
In addition to printing the Sequoyah County Times and an internally owned sister publication, the company produces four weeklies for print clients.
Travel Business Review-27 August 2009-Harrahs Cherokee Casino and Hotel Opens Sequoyah National Golf Club(C)2009 ENPublishing - http://www.enpublishing.co.uk
The text of the tales is not in paragraph form, but rather in a sort of free verse, the end of each line representing a pause on the part of the teller, and thus the rhythm of the story The written language of the Cherokee as developed by Sequoyah in the early 19th century is also presented.
A pending program, the Sequoyah Foreign Language Translation Program or simply Sequoyah (named for the American Cherokee Indian who invented the Cherokee written language) manages the deployment and training of these QRCs while simultaneously developing a capability to address the myriad of enduring foreign language translation requirements where MFLT would be appropriate.
A fascinating chapter on the Cherokee language tells of the syllabary invented by Sequoyah, a gifted Cherokee.
But a victory for Listen would be even more poignant than usual for the Coolmore team as her fullsister Sequoyah won the race in 2000.
That unlucky effort reminded me of the fate which befell Sequoyah in that Group 2 before going on to Moyglare glory.
He has also served on the boards of Topco, Wellmont Health Care Systems, Bristol Chamber of Commerce, and Weis Supermarkets, and is a member of Sequoyah Council Boy Scouts of America and the National Grocers Association, serving as chairman from 2000 to 2002.