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, Bonaventure
Saint, called the Seraphic Doctor. 1221--74, Italian Franciscan monk, mystic, theologian, and philosopher; author of a Life of St Francis and Journey of the Soul to God Feast day: July 14
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Bonaventura; Giovanni Fidanza). Born 1221, in Tuscany; died July 15, 1274, in Lyons. Italian philosopher and Catholic Church leader.

Bonaventure was one of the most important representatives of late Scholasticism. He became a cardinal in 1273. He was canonized in 1482 and was listed among the five greatest teachers of the Church in 1587. As general of the Franciscan Order (beginning in 1257), Bonaventure persecuted the supporters of the order’s radical wing. He studied at the University of Paris, where he later became a professor.

Bonaventure developed the ideas of Plato and Augustine; he maintained a lukewarm attitude toward Aristotelianism. He thought of universáis as the divine prototypes of things. Bonaventure believed that complete knowledge could be achieved neither through the senses nor by Scholastic speculation, but only through mystical contemplation and an understanding of the absolute through an ecstatic union with god. Bonaventure’s orthodox mysticism, influenced by Bernard of Clairvaux, was in opposition to the heretical mysticism of Joachim of Floris.


Opera omnia, vols. 1–10. [Quaracchi] 1882–1902.


Gilson, E. La Philosophie de S. Bonaventura, 2nd ed. Paris, 1943.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A sort of "trinitarian dance" (chore) characterizes the triune God in whom we are integrated, so that we never quit this movement in which the Son, in his body, wanted to place us and transform us: "The faithful does not transform Christ into himself (non in se transformet Christum)," states the Seraphic Doctor in a masterly way from his eucharistic perspective, "but instead is as if projected (traiiciatur) into his mystical body." (14)
Thus, Bonaventure was the Doctor Seraphicus ("Seraphic Doctor"), Thomas Aquinas, the Doctor Angelicus ("Angelic Doctor"), and so on.
Bonaventure is known as the Seraphic Doctor because of the deeply spiritual character of his theology.
(originally Giovanni di Fidanza, c1221 - 1274) Italian theologian, mystic, and scholastic philosopher, called the Seraphic Doctor. A Franciscan, Bonaventure placed more emphasis on faith and less on reason than St.
The "first principle" is "not" first "because it is a principle (non qui principium)," states the Seraphic Doctor word for word, but "because it is first (sed primum)" (15) The primacy makes for the giveability, because the Father as the one who gives does not await a return of the gift, but gives himself as well, as in the later example of his Son, with veritable abandon.