Cetinje(redirected from Serbian Sparta)
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Cetinje(tsĕ`tĭnyĕ), town (2011 pop. 16,657), S Montenegro. It grew around a monastery founded in 1485 and became the residence of Montenegro's ruling prince-bishops; it remained the capital of Montenegro until 1945. The monastery, the burial place of the Montenegrin princes, and the former royal palace (now a museum) remain.
a city in Yugoslavia, in the Socialist Republic of Montenegro; situated on the eastern slope of Mount Lovčen. Population, 13,000 (1973). Cetinje has roads leading to the cities of Titograd and Kotor. Refrigerators, electric appliances, and footwear are manufactured. The city has a higher pedagogical school. Buildings of architectural merit include the monastery of Saint Gospodije (erected 1701–85 on the site of a 15th-century monastery), the Biljarda Palace of Njegos (1838), the Zeta House Theater, and the Danilo Palace (1894–95).
Cetinje was first mentioned as a settlement in a document of 1440. The town developed around a monastery founded in 1484 by Ivan Crnojević, ruler of Zeta. It was a center of the struggle of the Montenegrins against the Ottoman invaders. Cetinje became the capital of the principality of Montenegro in 1852 and of the kingdom of Montenegro in 1910. During World War I (1914–18) it was occupied by Austro-Hungarian forces from January 1916 to October 1918. In 1918 it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and since 1929 it has been part of Yugoslavia. From 1929 to 1941 it was capital of the banovina of Zeta. From April 1941 to November 1944, Cetinje was occupied by German and Italian forces.