Sereer woman can be observed in an enslaving passivity, a position opposite of her existence, which necessarily presupposes her dependence on a patriarchal system, a system which determines her personality and a dependence that gives ground to her powerlessness.
This woman does not deserve to be kept in a matrimonial home.] Further, the endogamous or exogamous polygamy remains to be one of the most widespread cultural practices among the Sereer Siin community which tradition grants a man a right to have at least three wives, and thus, the first wife is chosen by the man's father or his maternal uncle as the woman is designated under the noun "O Tew O kayenaak"(the shepherd's wife or the girl given to the shepherd as a wife for his breeding activities done in the name of his family members' well-being); she is selected and given to a man as a thankgiving present in regard to the services the man has done in the name of the well-being of all members of the paternal and maternal lineage.
"Considered to be one of the sacred institutions of society, a source of comfort and protection of its members (20)", the traditional African family in general, and the Sereer family in particular is a space based on functional components that give men a dominating power and confines women in an enslaving momentum.
As outlined above, the family institution among the Sereer Siin is a coercive cell for women as women are beaten, insulted, tortured, without having an opportunity to rebel against the social order, and in the eyes of custom, the more she remains stoic and subject to domestic violence without flinching, the more she is said to have the chance to benefit from a blessed and protected offspring.
Traditionally captured by the logic of domination, men in the Sereer Siin society refuse to be part of a social anthropological perspective to change the status of women.
Without a reshaping of social relations between men and women a dynamic production and entrepreneurial will hardly find a positive echo among Sereer Siin women, hence the women must be repositioned in the public and domestic space to free their productive and creative energies so they can contribute to the emergence of a new Africa.
La Civilisation sereer. Dakar : Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Senegal, 1990.
(19) Words quoted from an interviewed made by Issa Laye Thiaw with Joog Sene, an old Sereer man, June 22, 1983 in the village of Baabaak.
En effet, au pays Sereer, les femmes se definissent dans le rapport contradictoire avec les formes d'alliances auxquelles elles sont assujetties en tant qu'epouses.
Sans avoir la pretention de parler d'une uniformisation de l'identite feminine chez les Sereers, nous nous efforcons, a travers cet article, de mettre en surface la place que la societe Sereer Siin (1) du Senegal offre a la femme.
Cette position subordonnee de la femme Sereer l'empeche d'etre un actant productif du point de vue economique et transfere le controle de sa fonction biologique et sociale a l'homme.
Dans la societe Sereer, la femme est placee sous le controle du lignage agnatique.