Sergei Egorovich Chutskaev
Chutskaev, Sergei Egorovich
Born Mar. 6 (18), 1876, in the village of Sugat, in Kamyshlov District, Perm’ Province; died Mar. 1, 1944, in Sverdlovsk. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the Communist Party from 1903.
The son of a railroad employee, Chutskaev was a student at the University of St. Petersburg in 1896, when he became associated with the St. Petersburg League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. He studied at the University of Heidelberg in Germany from 1902 to 1904. He was named a member of the Ekaterinburg committee of the RSDLP in 1905 and later became a member of the Ural’sk oblast committee of the RSDLP. He was arrested and exiled several times.
After the February Revolution of 1917, Chutskaev became a member of the Orenburg committee of the RSDLP and a member of the Orenburg soviet. In 1918 he was chairman of the Ekaterinburg soviet, a member of the Ural’sk oblast soviet, and deputy chairman of the Ural’sk oblast extraordinary commission (cheka). In August 1918, Chutskaev became a member of the collegium of the People’s Commissariat of Finance, deputy people’s commissar of finance, and a member of the Minor Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR. In 1921 and 1922 he was deputy chairman and then chairman of the Siberian Revolutionary Committee and a member of the Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP(B). He was a candidate member of the Presidium of the Central Control Commission of the ACP(B) in 1923 and 1924. Between 1924 and 1927 he was a member of the Presidium of the Central Control Commission, a candidate member of the Secretariat of the Central Control Commission, and deputy people’s commissar of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Inspectorate of the USSR.
Chutskaev was chairman of the Far East Krai Executive Committee of the ACP(B) and a member of the bureau of the krai committee between 1927 and 1929. From 1929 to 1933 and from 1935 to 1938 he was a member of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. He was plenipotentiary of the USSR in Mongolia from 1933 to 1935. Chutskaev was a delegate to the Twelfth through Seventeenth Congresses of the party. He was elected a member of the Central Control Commission at the Twelfth through Fourteenth Congresses, a candidate member of the Central Committee at the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Congresses, and a member of the Central Auditing Commission of the ACP(B) at the Seventeenth Congress. Chutskaev was a member of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR.