Konobeevskii, Sergei Tikhonovich
Born Apr. 14 (26), 1890, in St. Petersburg; died Nov. 26, 1970, in Moscow. Soviet physicist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1946). Member of the CPSU from 1948.
Konobeevskii graduated from Moscow University in 1913. From 1919 to 1922 he taught at the Institute of the National Economy in Moscow. From 1922 to 1929 he worked at the All-Union Electrotechnical Institute, and from 1929 to 1941 at the State Institute of Nonferrous Metals. Beginning in 1926 he taught at Moscow University, becoming a professor in 1935. From 1948 he worked in institutions of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Konobeevskii’s principal works were devoted to the X-ray structural analysis of metals and alloys and to the study of the changes in the structure of metals and alloys as a result of plastic deformation, annealing, and so forth. In 1921 he discovered the structure of rolled metals (with N. E. Uspenskii) and in 1932 detected the effect of internal stresses on diffusion processes in alloys. Konobeevskii created the fundamentals of the modern theory of the age-hardening of alloys and the decomposition of solid solutions and metallic compounds. He also studied the effect of ionizing radiation on materials.
Konobeevskii was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and various medals.
WORKS“Kristallizatsiia v metallakh pri prevrashcheniiakh v tverdom sostoianii.” Izv. AN SSSR: Seriia khimicheskaia, 1937, no. 5, pp. 1209–44.
“K teorii fazovykh prevrashchenii.” Zhurnal eksperimental’noi i teoreticheskoi fiziki, 1943, vol. 13, issue 6, pp. 185–214.
“K voprosy o prirode radiatsionnykh narushenii v deliashchikhsia materialakh.” Atomnaia energiia, 1956, no. 2.