Sergei Kovalev

(redirected from Sergei Kovalyov)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kovalev, Sergei Ivanovich


Born Sept. 13 (25), 1886, in the village of Kuganak, present-day Bashkir ASSR; died Nov. 12, 1960, in Leningrad. Soviet historian of antiquity; doctor of historical sciences (1938).

Kovalev was a professor at the University of Leningrad from 1924 to 1956; after 1934 he headed the subdepartment of ancient Greek and Roman history, which he founded. From 1956 to 1960 he served as the director of the Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism. His main works are devoted to the social and economic character of the ancient world, the study of the classics of Marxism-Leninism on the slaveholding formation, questions concerning class struggle and slave uprisings, the origin and class nature of Christianity, and other subjects. Kovalev was the author of the first Marxist textbooks on the history of the ancient world (The History of Classical Society, part 1: Greece, 1936, 2nd ed., 1937; part 2: Hellinism: Rome, 1936), a detailed course The History of Rome (1948), and school textbooks.


Kurs vseobshchei istorii, vols. 1–2. Leningrad, 1923–25.
Aleksandr Makedonskii. Leningrad, 1937.
Ocherki istorii drevnego Rima. Moscow, 1956. (Jointly with E. M. Shtaerman.)
Osnovnye voprosy proiskhozhdeniia khristianstva. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.


Kolobova, K. M. “Professor S. I. Kovalev (1886–1960).” In the collection Ezhegodnik Muzeia istorii religii i ateizma, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961. (Bibliography of Kovalev’s works.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lyudmila Alexeyeva, Sergei Kovalyov and Oleg Orlov from human rights group Memorial were awarded the Sakharov Prize, which comes with a $72,850 honorarium, at a European parliament ceremony in Strasbourg, France.
On the last day in Genoa, Sergei Kovalyov, who won Izvestia's 1994 Man of the Year award for his exposure of Russian crimes in Chechnya, addressed his audience:
Among the most active individuals was the above-mentioned Sergei Kovalyov, the president's commissioner for human rights.
There is the former dissident and Russian human rights commissioner Sergei Kovalyov, who after flying to Grozny and witnessing the horror of civilian casualties urged Boris Yeltsin to "put an end to this insane massacre:" But there are also unexpected protesters such as the Soldiers' Mothers Committee--simple, poor women who took out loans to travel hundreds of miles to Russian military headquarters in Mozdok, where they demanded information about their sons; most learned nothing, but several actually managed to bring their boys home.
"Regarding lies, we have done better than the Communists and even than Goebbels," charged Sergei Kovalyov, the President's commissioner for human rights.
It's always a pleasure to hear Karl Marx quoted correctly, to say nothing of hearing him quoted appositely, and Sergei Kovalyov registered a double hit in this respect when he returned from the bombed-out city of Grozny in the first week of the new year and sternly told his hearers in Moscow that "a nation that suppresses another nation cannot be free." He did not, so far as I can discover, credit the original author.