Sergei Nikolaevich Reformatskii
Reformatskii, Sergei Nikolaevich
(S. N. Reformatsky). Born Mar. 20 (Apr. 1), 1860, in Borisoglebskoe, in what is now Ivanovo Oblast; died Dec. 27, 1934, in Moscow. Soviet chemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1929).
Reformatskii graduated in 1882 from the University of Kazan, where he was a student of A. M. Zaitsev, and lectured at the university from 1882 to 1889. In 1889 and 1890 he worked in Germany with V. Meyer and W. Ostwald. Reformatskii was a professor at the University of Kiev from 1891 to 1934 and was affiliated as a professor with the Kiev Advanced Courses for Women from 1906 to 1919.
Reformatskii’s main works were devoted to organometallic synthesis. Reformatskii developed a method for synthesizing β-hydroxy acids, known as the Reformatsky reaction, which is widely used in the study and synthesis of such complex natural compounds as vitamin A and its derivatives. He is also noted for his research in the preparation of natural rubber from plants (1931–34).
Reformatskii is the author of An Introduction to Organic Chemistry, whose 17th edition was published in 1930. He served as chairman of the Physical Chemistry Society at the University of Kiev from 1910 to 1916 and again from 1920 to 1933.