Sergei Skadovskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Skadovskii, Sergei Nikolaevich


Born Aug. 31 (Sept. 12), 1886, in Belozerka, in what is now Kherson Oblast; died Feb. 5, 1962, in Moscow. Soviet hydrobiologist; founder of the ecological physiology branch of hydrobiology. Doctor of biological sciences; professor from 1935. Member of the CPSU from 1948.

After graduating from Moscow University in 1912, Ska-dovskii worked in an experimental zoology laboratory at the Shaniavskii University. He was a student of N. K. Kol’tsov and S. A. Zernov. In 1910 he established a hydrophysiological station in Zvenigorod (now a biological station for Moscow State University), where biological studies of fresh water were conducted. In 1917, Skadovskii was appointed director of the station. In 1919 he joined the staff of the Institute of Experimental Biology of the People’s Commissariat for Public Health. From 1920 he taught at Moscow State University. In 1930 he was appointed head of the subdepartment of hydrobiology at Moscow State University.

Skadovskii’s principal works dealt with the ecology and physiology of aquatic organisms. He developed methods for stimulating the sexual maturation of fish and for hatching sturgeons in reservoirs with slow outflow. He studied metabolic processes in aquatic animals and plants.

Skadovskii received the Lenin Prize in 1929. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and various medals.


Stroganov, N. S. “S. N. Skadovskii.” Trudy Vsesoiuznogo gidrobiologi-cheskogo obshchestva AN SSSR,” 1962, vol. 12, pp. 420-28. [23–1451–]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.