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(also Sergii; before his monastic vows in 1890, Ivan Nikolaevich Stragorodskii). Born Jan. 11 (23), 1867, in Arzamas; died May 15, 1944, in Moscow. Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia.

In 1890, Sergius graduated from the St. Petersburg Theological Seminary with a master’s degree in theology. In 1901 he became bishop of lamburg, and in 1905, archbishop of Finland and Vyborg. He became metropolitan of Nizhny Novgorod in 1917. In 1934 he became metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna; while metropolitan, he became deputy acting patriarch in 1925 and, beginning in 1937, Sergius advocated the return of the renovationists to the Russian Orthodox Church. He did everything possible to normalize relations between the church and the Soviet government. On June 22, 1941, Sergius sent a message to the clergy and congregations, calling on them to actively help defend the motherland against the fascist German aggressors. He directed the patriotic activity of the church in gathering donations for necessary war matériel. On Sept. 8, 1943, Sergius was elected patriarch by the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church.


Patriarkh Sergii i ego dukhovnoe nasledstvo. [Moscow] 1947.
Shishkin, A. A. Sushchnost’ i kriticheskaia otsenka “obnovlencheskogo” raskola russkoi pravoslavnoi tserkvi. Kazan, 1970.
Kuroedov, V. A. “Iz istorii vzaimootnoshenii Sovetskogo gosudarstva i tserkvi.” Voprosy istorii, 1973, no. 9.
References in classic literature ?
At the end of the third year he received the tonsure and was ordained to the priesthood by the name of Sergius. The profession was an important event in his inner life.
In general in the seventh year of his life in the monastery Sergius grew weary.
The exchange into the metropolitan monastery was an important event in Sergius's life.
Sergius sternly declined, but was horrified by the definiteness of his desire.
Besides this, a great pitfall for Sergius lay in the fact of his extreme antipathy to his new Abbot, a cunning worldly man who was making a career for himself in the Church.
Father Sergius was standing in his usual place and praying: that is, he was in that condition of struggle which always occupied him during the service, especially in the large church when he was not himself conducting the service.
At Anna Pavlovna's on the twenty-sixth of August, the very day of the battle of Borodino, there was a soiree, the chief feature of which was to be the reading of a letter from His Lordship the Bishop when sending the Emperor an icon of the Venerable Sergius. It was regarded as a model of ecclesiastical, patriotic eloquence.
This icon of the Venerable Sergius, the servant of God and zealous champion of old of our country's weal, is offered to Your Imperial Majesty.
Sweden was also represented, in the person of Professor Sergius, the famous Zoologist of the University of Upsala.
"It had been hoped that the proceedings would end there, and that a vote of thanks and congratulation, moved by Professor Sergius, of Upsala University, would be duly seconded and carried; but it was soon evident that the course of events was not destined to flow so smoothly.
"Why should you cling so hard to that wretched life of yours, Sergius?" said she.
With this object I engaged an agent from a private detective firm, who entered my husband's house as a secretary--it was your second secretary, Sergius, the one who left you so hurriedly.