Serrano y Domínguez, Francisco

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Serrano y Domínguez, Francisco

(fränthēs`kō sārä`nō ē dōmēng`gāth), 1810–85, Spanish general and statesman. In 1834–39 he distinguished himself in the war against the Carlists. He at first supported EsparteroEspartero, Baldomero, duque de la Victoria, conde de Luchana
, 1793–1879, Spanish general and statesman. He fought against the French in the Peninsular War (1808–14) and later against the revolutionists in South America.
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 but later worked for his overthrow (1843). His services as captain general of Cuba (1859–63) earned him the titles of duque de La Torre and grandee of Spain. After the death of his friend Leopoldo O'Donnell (1867), he led the Liberal Union party. He participated with Juan Prim in the overthrow (1868) of Isabella and was named regent by the constituent assembly. Serrano was premier (1870–71) under King Amadeus, and after the latter's abdication (1873) he opposed the newly established republic. In 1874 a military coup placed him at the head of the provisional government. Serrano was excluded from office when Alfonso XII was restored (1875) to the Spanish throne.

Serrano y Domínguez, Francisco

 

(Duke of Torre). Born Dec. 17, 1810, on the Isle of León, near Cádiz; died Nov. 26, 1885, in Madrid. Spanish political figure and general.

Serrano y Domínguez fought in the First Carlist War. In 1843 he was minister of war in the government of B. Espartero. In 1847 and 1848 he was captain general of Granada; he then temporarily retired from political life. During the revolution of 1854–56, Serrano y Domínguez supported O’Donnell and joined the Liberal Union Party, founded by O’Donnell in 1854 as the party of the right liberals; in 1867, Serrano y Domínguez headed the party. From 1859 to 1862 he was governor-general of Cuba, and in 1862 and 1863, minister of foreign affairs in Spain.

Serrano y Domínguez fought in the Spanish Revolution of 1868–74, commanding the revolutionary army that destroyed the army of Isabella II. He later formed and headed a provisional government, serving as regent from 1869 to 1871 and, for one week in 1871 and 1872, as prime minister.

Serrano y Domínguez commanded the government forces during the Second Carlist War. In 1874, after a military coup that took place on January 3, he became president of Spain. After the restoration of the Bourbons in December 1874, he no longer took an active role in politics. Serrano y Domínguez was ambassador to France in 1883 and 1884.