Serrasalmidae


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Serrasalmidae

 

(piranhas, or caribes), a family of predacious fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The jaws are powerful, and the teeth are sharp. There are three genera, distributed in the freshwaters of South America. They prey in huge schools, tearing pieces of flesh from their victim’s body. They can completely clean a skeleton of a large animal, such as a capybara, in a moment. The fish are attracted by the smell of blood and by splashes in the water. Of the four large species especially dangerous to humans, the best known are Rooseveltiella nattereri, which reaches 30 cm in length, and Pygocentrus piraya, which reaches 60 cm. Piranhas lose their aggressiveness when kept in an aquarium.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum Cuvier, 1818) is a fish of the order of Characiformes, belonging to the family Serrasalmidae (Gery, 1977; Mirande, 2010) and native of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins.
Anesthesia of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) with the essential oils of Aniba rosaeodora and Aniba parviflora and their major compound, linalool.
Juveniles of the overexploited Amazonian fish Colossoma macropomum (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) as potential seed dispersers of Cecropia spp.
Biologie de Piaractus brachypomus (Teleostei: Serrasalmidae) dans le bassin du Mamore (Amazonie bolivienne).
Para el caso de las especies de animales, las familias mas representativas fueron, en orden decreciente y por clasificacion: Aves: Ardeidae (9 especies), Psittacidae (7 especies); Mamiferos: Cebidae (5 especies), Callitrichidae (4 especies); Anfibios y reptiles: Alligatoridae (3 especies) y Boidae (3 especies); Peces: Pimelodidae (11 especies), Serrasalmidae (5 especies), Cichlidae (5 especies), Doradidae (5 especies), Loricaridae (4 especies), y Characidae (4 especies).
The gibbus piranha, Serrasalmus gibbus Castelnau 1855, is a carnivorous species of the family Serrasalmidae, which feeds on fish, insects, and other invertebrates, and is found primarily along the margins of rivers and lakes [25].
& FARIAS, I.P., 2009.-Microsatellite markers for the tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum, Serrasalmidae, Characiformes), an economically important keystone species of the Amazon River floodplain.