Serrasalmidae

(redirected from Serrasalminae)
Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Serrasalmidae

 

(piranhas, or caribes), a family of predacious fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The jaws are powerful, and the teeth are sharp. There are three genera, distributed in the freshwaters of South America. They prey in huge schools, tearing pieces of flesh from their victim’s body. They can completely clean a skeleton of a large animal, such as a capybara, in a moment. The fish are attracted by the smell of blood and by splashes in the water. Of the four large species especially dangerous to humans, the best known are Rooseveltiella nattereri, which reaches 30 cm in length, and Pygocentrus piraya, which reaches 60 cm. Piranhas lose their aggressiveness when kept in an aquarium.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in Piaractusmesopotamicus and their applicability in other Serrasalminae fish.
Estudio sobre la subfamilia Serrasalminae (Teleostei, Characidae).
Alves, "Diet shifts related to body size of the pirambeba (Serrasalmus brandtii) Lutken, 1875 (Osteichthyes, Serrasalminae) in the Cajuru reservoir, Sao Francisco river basin, Brazil," Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol.
Distribuicao e alimentacao de duas especies simpatricas de piranhas Serrasalmus maculatus e Pygocentrus nattereri (Characidae, Serrasalminae) do rio Ibicui, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
& DESALLE, R., 2001.-Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in Piaractus mesopotamicus and their applicability in other Serrasalminae fish.
Susceptibility of the Amazon Fish, Colossoma macropomum (Serrasalminae), to short-term exposure to nitrite.
cariba (caribe) pertenecientes a la subfamilia Serrasalminae y C.