Sertorius, Quintus(sûrtôr`ēas), d. 72 B.C., Roman general. He was a general under MariusMarius, Caius
, c.157 B.C.–86 B.C., Roman general. A plebeian, he became tribune (119 B.C.) and praetor (115 B.C.) and was seven times consul. He served under Scipio Africanus Minor at Numantia and under Quintus Metellus against Jugurtha.
..... Click the link for more information. but did not take part in Marius' proscriptions. Sertorius was appointed governor of Farther Spain in 83 B.C. but fled to Africa to escape the reprisals of SullaSulla, Lucius Cornelius
, 138 B.C.–78 B.C., Roman general. At the height of his career he assumed the name Felix. He served under Marius in Africa and became consul in 88 B.C., when Mithradates VI of Pontus was overrunning Roman territory in the east.
..... Click the link for more information. . He later was summoned (80 B.C.) to Spain by the Lusitani, who were in rebellion. He was successful even after Metellus Pius (see under MetellusMetellus
, ancient Roman family of the plebeian gens Caecilia. Lucius Caecilius Metellus, d. c.221 B.C., consul (251 B.C.), fought in the First Punic War. He was pontifex maximus (from 243) and was said to have been blinded (241) in rescuing the Palladium from the burning
..... Click the link for more information. ) and PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
..... Click the link for more information. were sent out with new armies, but he was assassinated by Perperna, a disaffected officer. Sertorius had attempted to build a stronger national feeling among the local leaders by founding a senate and a school for their sons. He thus expanded the work of ViriatusViriatus
, d. 139 B.C., leader of the Lusitani (see Lusitania). One of the survivors of the massacre of the Lusitani by the Roman praetor Servius Sulpicius Galba, Viriatus rose as a popular leader and persuaded his countrymen to resist Roman rule.
..... Click the link for more information. . The identification of Sertorius with local interests led, long after, to a mistaken glorification of him as a Portuguese patriot.
Born circa 122 B.C.; died 72 B.C. Roman military commander.
Sertorius fought in the wars against the Cimbri in 105 and the Teutoni in 102 and served as a legate during the Social War (90–88). He supported Marius and Cinna in their struggle against Sulla during the civil wars of 88–82. From 83 to 81 he was Praetor of Hispania Citerior. He made Spain a center of anti-Sullan opposition and, beginning in 81, led a struggle of Iberian tribes against Rome. With the support of the Iberian aristocracy, he united almost all of Spain under his authority and inflicted a series of major defeats on the Roman generals Metel-lus and Pompey the Great. He fought in significant battles at Lauro in 76 and at Saguntum and on the Suero River in 75. Sertorius was murdered as a result of a conspiracy organized by associates who sought reconciliation with Rome.