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(sərŭs`əfōn), brass keyed wind instrument, played with a double reed, thus a member of the oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
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 family. Invented in 1856 by Sarrus, a French bandmaster, it is made in several sizes and was once much used in French bands to replace the weaker-toned oboes and bassoons. Only the contrabass was very successful, replacing the contrabassoon in French orchestras for a time.



a wind instrument. It was constructed in 1856 by the instrument maker P. L. Gautrot at the request of the French Kapellmeister Sarrus. The sarrusophone is made of brass and has a double reed. It exists in six sizes, from soprano to contrabass. Sarrusophones were used mainly in brass bands, although the contrabass sarrusophone was sometimes included in symphony orchestras; they are rarely used in modern orchestras.

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