servitude

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servitude

1. Law a burden attaching to an estate for the benefit of an adjoining estate or of some definite person
2. short for penal servitude

Servitude

 

a special kind of real right, namely, the right with respect to a thing by virtue of which the thing is subject to use by another person within prescribed limits or by virtue of which its owner is subject to prescribed limitations.

Servitudes originated in Roman law, in the need for legal regulation of private property owners’ conflicting interests. Land easement, or praedial servitude—for example, the right to transport water across a neighbor’s land—antedated other servitudes. Roman jurisprudence also recognized personal servitudes, such as usufruct, the right of lifelong use of another’s possession.

In the epoch of feudalism, various kinds of servitudes were recognized in countries that had adopted Roman law. Bourgeois law also retained and systematized servitudes; in the 20th century the law in several bourgeois countries incorporated several servitudes, those pertaining to the industrial use of land, for example, for the laying of pipelines or the construction of power lines.

In diplomatic practice and international law, the term “servitude” refers to specific limitations on the territorial rights of one state with respect to use by another state. Examples of international servitudes are settlements possessing extraterritorial rights, military bases on foreign soil, and the right of transit through canals.

References in periodicals archive ?
21B A servitude right to lay a surface water drainage pipe under over 3,622 square metres or thereby of grass currently used as part of Abbotsinch Playing Fields, Abbotsinch Road, Paisley together with all necessary servitude rights of access at all times for pedestrians and vehicles (including heavy vehicles and equipment) for the purpose of constructing, maintaining, repairing, improving and renewing said surface water drainage pipe from the realigned Abbotsinch Road to the White Cart Water.
21E A temporary servitude right, for pedestrians and vehicles (including heavy vehicles and equipment) for the duration of the construction contract for the works associated with planning consent for application number 17/0485/PP, to and from plot 19R and Abbotsinch Road as realigned ,over 32 square metres or thereby of footway leading off the west side of Abbotsinch Road, Paisley located 418m or thereby north of the junction of Abbotsinch Road and Arran Avenue for the purpose of constructing suitable connections to the realigned Abbotsinch Road.
21F A servitude right to lay a surface water drainage pipe under 132 square metres or thereby of scrub land located at the edge of the White Cart Water to the east of the long stay car park, Arran Avenue, Paisley and 163m or thereby north east of Arran Avenue, together with all necessary servitude rights of access at all times for pedestrians and vehicles (including heavy vehicles and equipment) for the purpose of constructing, maintaining, repairing, improving and renewing a surface water drainage pipe from the new Wright Street Link Bridge to the White Cart Water.
(111) Titre quatrieme << Des servitudes reelles >> du Livre deuxieme << Des biens, de la propriete et de ses differentes modifications >> du Code civil du Bas Canada.
Il faut ainsi comprendre, en suivant la logique du Code aussi bien que celle du droit positif [...] que les modalites et les demembrements de la propriete participent de sa nature et sont des droits reels, que les demembrements de la propriete se subdivisent en servitudes personnelles et servitudes reelles en fonction d'un benefice accorde a une personne par opposition a un avantage octroye pour l'utilite d'un bien-fonds [...].
Pour une critique de l'interpretation selon laquelle cette decision autoriserait la creation de servitudes personnelles perpetuelles, voir Sylvio Normand, << Une relecture de l'arret Matamajaw Salmon Club >> (1988) 29:3 C de D 807 a la p 812.
DISFAVOR OF NONCOMPETE SERVITUDES IN COMMERCIAL LEASES
SERVITUDES BUT UPHOLD PREDIAL NONCOMPETE SERVITUDES
INTRODUCTION: FRAMING THE PROBLEM OF NONCOMPETE SERVITUDES IN