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sesame oil[′ses·ə·mē ‚ȯil]
a vegetable oil obtained from seeds of the sesame plant (Sesamum indicum). Sesame oil is almost odorless and has a pleasant flavor. The acid content is 4–6 percent stearic, 7–8 percent palmitic, about 0.1 percent myristic, up to 1.0 percent arachidic, 35–48 percent oleic, 37–48 percent linoleic, and up to 0.5 percent hexadecenic. The solidification temperature of the oil is from –3° to –7°C. The kinematic body is (133-207) 10–6m2/sec, and the iodine number is 103–117. Sesame oil has been found to contain sesamol (a methyl ether of hydroxyhydroqui-none), which accounts for the great stability of the oil upon storage.
Sesame oil is used like other vegetable oils as a food product; however, it contains no vitamin A and little vitamin E. The oil is used in the production of candy and canned goods, as well as for industrial purposes.