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(also Senusert, Senusret), Egyptian pharaohs of the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

Sesostris I, the second king of the dynasty, ruled from 1970 to 1934 B.C.. He pursued a policy of conquest to the south, in northern Nubia. He organized expeditions to the Great Oasis in the Libyan Desert. During his reign, work was resumed in the copper mines of the Sinai Peninsula, and trade and diplomatic relations were established with the rulers of Syria and Palestine. Sesostris I tried to centralize Egypt; at the same time, however, he preserved the privileges of the monarchs who supported him.

Sesostris II, the fourth king of the dynasty, ruled from 1896 to approximately 1884 B.C.

Sesostris III, the fifth king of the dynasty and the son of Sesostris II, ruled from 1884 to about 1849 B.C.. He strengthened Egypt’s hold over northern Nubia and consolidated the southern frontier at the second cataract of the Nile, where he erected strong fortresses on the western bank (at present-day Semna) and on the eastern bank (near present-day Qunah). In order to maintain communications with the conquered lands, he had a canal dug that enabled vessels to bypass the first cataract. Sesostris III undertook expeditions as far as the third cataract of the Nile.

References in classic literature ?
It seems neither now nor very lately to have been known [1329b] to those philosophers who have made politics their study, that a city ought to be divided by families into different orders of men; and that the husbandmen and soldiers should be kept separate from each other; which custom is even to this day preserved in Egypt and in Crete; also Sesostris having founded it in Egypt, Minos in Crete.
Very probably the canal which united the Nile to the Red Sea was begun by Sesostris, if we may believe tradition.
He also ordered the digging of the Sesostris Canal to link the Red Sea and the Nile, as well as building a dam to protect the land in Fayoum from the flood.
For that reason, the Egyptian Pharaoh Sesostris came until to the "Thracians and the Scythians." The historical continuity we found in several migratory movements of this Egyptian colonist, which can be followed through the legends of Danaus, Aegyptus and Cadmus, as well as from the other myths and legends from the mythological period, which help us to gain some knowledge about the movements and the social positions of Egyptian colonists.
Seidlmayer behandelt "Die Felsinschrift des Vorstehers von Unteragypten, Dedusobek in Aswan." Die Inschrift befindet sich im Firjal-Garten in Aswan und ist unter Sesostris I.
?Que esperas lograr con la boca abierta?" Pero el, con gran inteligencia, dijo a Sesostris: "me he maravillado por el movimiento de las ruedas.
More than 140 paintings, drawings, photographs, and sculptures--many never before exhibited in France--will be organized chronologically around three of his major cycles: "Nine Discourses on Commodus" (1963), "Fifty Days at Iliam" (1978), and "Coronation of Sesostris" (2000).
The emphasis will be on his radical, affective attenuation of history painting, with three extraordinary suites convening for the first time: Nine Discourses on Commodus, 1963; Fifty Days at Iliam, 1978; and Coronation of Sesostris, 2000.
Los egipcios han utilizado estelas para marcar el territorio por lo menos desde el Reino Antiguo, y la estela fronteriza mas antigua conocida es la del faraon de la XII Dinastia Sesostris I (Habachi, 1975:31).
sesostris tarquinus (Boisduval, 1836) reporta dos registros en la coleccion y P.
His tenuous identification of the Egyptian king Sesostris with the Biblical Sesac enabled him to contract traditional Egyptian history by at least six hundred years.