Sesshu


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Sesshu

(sĕs`sho͞o'), 1420–1506, foremost Japanese master of ink painting (suiboku) and Zen Buddhist priest, also known as Sesshu Toyo. He may have studied under ShubunShubun
, fl. 1st half of 15th cent., Japanese painter and Zen Buddhist priest. He studied under Josetsu, and became the central figure in the renaissance in Japan of the Chinese style of ink painting.
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 in Kyoto. He made a trip to China (c.1467), visiting many Zen monasteries and studying the works of old masters. Adapting the Chinese style of landscape painting, he set the standard in ink painting for later Japanese artists. His brilliant, abstract interpretations of nature include the ink-splash landscape (1495) in the National Museum of Tokyo. Two sets of screens attributed to him are in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the Freer Gallery, Washington, D.C.

Bibliography

See T. Nakamura, ed., Sesshu Toyo (1959); Sesshu's Long Scroll: a Zen Landscape Journey (1959).

Sesshu

 

(also Toyo Oda). Born in 1420 in Akahama, Okayama Prefecture; died in 1506 in Suwa, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Japanese painter.

Sesshu, a Zen monk, studied painting with the landscapist Shubun. From 1463 to 1469 he lived in China, where he studied the works of a number of 12th- and 13th-century masters, including Hsia Kuei. Sesshu’s works, executed in india ink, included landscapes and, to a lesser extent, portraits and representations of deities and animals. They are characterized by hardness and angularity of line; emphatically simple images convey the impression of instantaneous embodiment of creative intent.

REFERENCES

Voronova, B. Toio Oda. Moscow. 1958.
Grilli, E. Sesshu Toyo (1420–1506). Rutland-Tokyo, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
Works by Sesshu (around 1420-1506), who later became a monk, are characterized by their dynamic brush strokes and structured composition.
Ethelbert Miller, Amiri Baraka, Allen Ginsberg, Michelle Clinton, Sesshu Foster, receive tips of her (velvet, feathered) hat, as do Blake, Brecht, Elinor Wylie, Vallejo and the too-often overlooked Henri Coulette.
To the Westerner in search of the reintegration of man and nature there is an appeal far beyond the merely sentimental in the naturalism of Zen - in the landscapes of Ma-yuan and Sesshu, in an art which is simultaneously spiritual and secular, which conveys the mystical in terms of the natural, and which, indeed, never even imagined a break between them.
When his escape was cut off from a burning building, a Japanese collector who owned a late-fifteenth-century painting by Sesshu slashed open his body with a sword.
The newly discovered cave paintings of horses and bison and owls and hyenas at Chauvet are reassuring - thirty thousand years old and with lines that would make Gaudier blush and Sesshu bow - in that they (mutely) speak once more of the fallacy of progressive development in the arts.
More than 31 countries throughout the world have loaned the Gallery works by artists as diverse as Leonardo da Vinci, Albrecht Durer, Sesshu Toyo, Shen Chou, Islamic scribes, the bronze-casters of Benin and the master goldsmights of the Americas.
Vernacular idiom or local color is registered in Fay Chiang's In the City of Contradictions (1979), Eric Chock's Ten Thousand Wishes (1978) and Last Days Here (1990), Sesshu Foster's Angry Days (1987), Juliet Kono's Hilo Rains (1988), Alan Lau's Songs for Jardina (1980), Genny Lim's Winter Place (1988), James Mitsui's After the Long Train (1985), Jeff Tagami's October Light (1987), and Ronald Tanaka's Shino Suite (1981).
In fact, the concept of "the marvelous void" is often equated with the large scroll paintings of Sesshu, the 15th-century Japanese artist who traveled to and from China in order to learn about the void.
Zen: The Rocks of Sesshu" was written in 1962, while I served as a visiting lecturer at Yamaguchi University, and its setting is the Joei Temple Garden, where the great painter Sesshu served as a Zen priest in the 15th century - he designed the rock garden, one of the most famous in Japan.
The air was limpid, its pungencies and arabesques not stated, only implied, as in an ink painting by Sesshu or a Bach cello suite.
greatness in art--Saigyo in traditional poetry, Sogi in linked verse, Sesshu in