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Sesshu(sĕs`sho͞o'), 1420–1506, foremost Japanese master of ink painting (suiboku) and Zen Buddhist priest, also known as Sesshu Toyo. He may have studied under ShubunShubun
, fl. 1st half of 15th cent., Japanese painter and Zen Buddhist priest. He studied under Josetsu, and became the central figure in the renaissance in Japan of the Chinese style of ink painting.
..... Click the link for more information. in Kyoto. He made a trip to China (c.1467), visiting many Zen monasteries and studying the works of old masters. Adapting the Chinese style of landscape painting, he set the standard in ink painting for later Japanese artists. His brilliant, abstract interpretations of nature include the ink-splash landscape (1495) in the National Museum of Tokyo. Two sets of screens attributed to him are in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the Freer Gallery, Washington, D.C.
See T. Nakamura, ed., Sesshu Toyo (1959); Sesshu's Long Scroll: a Zen Landscape Journey (1959).
(also Toyo Oda). Born in 1420 in Akahama, Okayama Prefecture; died in 1506 in Suwa, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Japanese painter.
Sesshu, a Zen monk, studied painting with the landscapist Shubun. From 1463 to 1469 he lived in China, where he studied the works of a number of 12th- and 13th-century masters, including Hsia Kuei. Sesshu’s works, executed in india ink, included landscapes and, to a lesser extent, portraits and representations of deities and animals. They are characterized by hardness and angularity of line; emphatically simple images convey the impression of instantaneous embodiment of creative intent.
REFERENCESVoronova, B. Toio Oda. Moscow. 1958.
Grilli, E. Sesshu Toyo (1420–1506). Rutland-Tokyo, 1957.