Setaria


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Related to Setaria: Setaria italica

Setaria

 

a genus of plants of the family Gramineae. The plants are perennial or annual herbs with flat leaf blades. The inflorescence is a cylindrical or, less commonly, somewhat lobular spicate panicle with very short branchlets. The spikelets are two-flowered and surrounded by rough bristles, or setae.

There are more than 120 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, warm-temperate, and—to a lesser extent—temperate regions. The USSR has nine species. Particularly widely distributed are S. glauca and S. viridis, both of which are weeds that contaminate mainly spring crops, for example, millet. The plants occur along garden paths, in sands along rivers, in gravelly areas, and in pine forests. Young plants serve as pasturage for all domestic animals; the grain is readily eaten by domestic fowl. The genus includes a number of important cultivated crops, for example, several varieties of foxtail millet (S. italica).

REFERENCE

Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
To promote better usage flexibility, Setaria.cloud has also recently released an API documentation which can be found at https://docs.setaria.cloud.
The species identified were Setaria spp, Digitaria sanguinalis (polynically analogue as Poaceae 35[mu]m, Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album, and Amaranthus quitensis (polynically analogated as Cheno/Ams), Agropyron repens (polynically analogated as Poaceae 25[mu]m), Brassica campestris (polynically analogated as Brassicaceae) and Polygonum convolvulus (polynically analogated as Polygonaceae).
* Brachiaria mutica alcanza el mayor rendimiento de materia seca (8978 kg/ha), seguido de Setaria sphacelata (5755 kg/ha) y Melinis minutiflora (4338 kg/ha).
Werner, "Molecular detection of Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria repens and Setaria tundra in mosquitoes from Germany," Parasites & Vectors, vol.
Caracterizacion morfologica y molecular de poblaciones de zacate tempranero [(Setaria macrostachya) Kunth].
Effect of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) supplementation on serum glucose, serum lipids and glycosylated hemoglobin in type 2 diabetics.
Trichloris crinita es la especie que mejor representa la calidad forrajera de los sitios, con cierta participacion de Setaria parviflora.
By showing that this gene influences panicle architecture in Setaria and maize, we have expanded the tool box for breeders."
3) because of their loss of native species and the gain of the invasive, nonnative Eragrostis lehmanniana and weedy increasers like Heteropogon contortus, Aristida purpurea, and Setaria leucopila plus the small bunchgrass Tridens muticus.
The selected plants are commonly used to protect the subgrade slopes of roads, and the four plants used in this study in geographical order from north to south are as follows: Setaria viridis, Eleusine indica, Zoysia japonica, and Carex leucochlora.
Foxtail millet (Setaria itatica), a member of the Poaceae grass family, is one of the world's oldest crops and is a valuable source of human food in Africa and Asia.
Setaria viridis is a summer annual that branches at the base to form a small tuft of leafy culms.