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Related to Setaria: Setaria italica
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Gramineae. The plants are perennial or annual herbs with flat leaf blades. The inflorescence is a cylindrical or, less commonly, somewhat lobular spicate panicle with very short branchlets. The spikelets are two-flowered and surrounded by rough bristles, or setae.

There are more than 120 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, warm-temperate, and—to a lesser extent—temperate regions. The USSR has nine species. Particularly widely distributed are S. glauca and S. viridis, both of which are weeds that contaminate mainly spring crops, for example, millet. The plants occur along garden paths, in sands along rivers, in gravelly areas, and in pine forests. Young plants serve as pasturage for all domestic animals; the grain is readily eaten by domestic fowl. The genus includes a number of important cultivated crops, for example, several varieties of foxtail millet (S. italica).


Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The species identified were Setaria spp, Digitaria sanguinalis (polynically analogue as Poaceae 35[mu]m, Portulaca oleracea, Chenopodium album, and Amaranthus quitensis (polynically analogated as Cheno/Ams), Agropyron repens (polynically analogated as Poaceae 25[mu]m), Brassica campestris (polynically analogated as Brassicaceae) and Polygonum convolvulus (polynically analogated as Polygonaceae).
Werner, "Molecular detection of Dirofilaria immitis, Dirofilaria repens and Setaria tundra in mosquitoes from Germany," Parasites & Vectors, vol.
Effect of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) supplementation on serum glucose, serum lipids and glycosylated hemoglobin in type 2 diabetics.
By showing that this gene influences panicle architecture in Setaria and maize, we have expanded the tool box for breeders."
3) because of their loss of native species and the gain of the invasive, nonnative Eragrostis lehmanniana and weedy increasers like Heteropogon contortus, Aristida purpurea, and Setaria leucopila plus the small bunchgrass Tridens muticus.
The selected plants are commonly used to protect the subgrade slopes of roads, and the four plants used in this study in geographical order from north to south are as follows: Setaria viridis, Eleusine indica, Zoysia japonica, and Carex leucochlora.
Foxtail millet (Setaria itatica), a member of the Poaceae grass family, is one of the world's oldest crops and is a valuable source of human food in Africa and Asia.
Setaria viridis is a summer annual that branches at the base to form a small tuft of leafy culms.