Act of Settlement

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Settlement, Act of,

1701, passed by the English Parliament, to provide that if William IIIWilliam III,
1650–1702, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702); son of William II, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and of Mary, oldest daughter of King Charles I of England.
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 and Princess Anne (later Queen AnneAnne,
1665–1714, queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1702–7), later queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14), daughter of James II and Anne Hyde; successor to William III.
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) should die without heirs, the succession to the throne should pass to SophiaSophia
, 1630–1714, electress of Hanover, consort of Elector Ernest Augustus. She was the daughter of Frederick the Winter King and Elizabeth of Bohemia, who was the daughter of James I of England.
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, electress of Hanover, granddaughter of James IJames I,
1566–1625, king of England (1603–25) and, as James VI, of Scotland (1567–1625). James's reign witnessed the beginnings of English colonization in North America (Jamestown was founded in 1607) and the plantation of Scottish settlers in Ulster.
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, and to her heirs, if they were Protestants. The house of HanoverHanover, house of,
ruling dynasty of Hanover (see Hanover, province), which was descended from the Guelphs and which in 1714 acceded to the British throne in the person of George I.
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, which ruled Great Britain from 1714, owed its claim to this act. Among additional provisions, similar to those in the Bill of RightsBill of Rights,
1689, in British history, one of the fundamental instruments of constitutional law. It registered in statutory form the outcome of the long 17th-century struggle between the Stuart kings and the English Parliament.
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, were requirements that the king must join in communion with the Church of England (see England, Church ofEngland, Church of,
the established church of England and the mother church of the Anglican Communion. Organization and Doctrine

The clergy of the church are of three ancient orders: deacons, priests, and bishops.
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), that he might not leave England without parliamentary consent, and that English armies might not be used in defense of foreign territory without parliamentary consent. The act also prohibited royal pardons for officials impeached by Parliament. A clause providing that no appointee or pensioner of the king should sit in the House of Commons was repealed (1705) before the act became effective. The unpopularity of William's pro-Dutch policy, the lack of an heir to William or Anne, and fear of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 prompted the act.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, the intentions of the Act have been
He called on the international community, especially the United States, to immediately intervene to stop IsraelAaAaAeAcAaAaAeA@1/4AaAaAeAnAaAaAeA s settlement act which he said undermine efforts by US President Donald Trump to achieve peace in the region.
Entitled Adapting for the Next Generation: The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act at 45, the symposium addressed the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA), looking back at its effects over the past forty-five years and how it might be improved upon for the future.
The estate was first built as a double row of houses in 1936 as part of the Land Settlement Act, which redeployed men from industry on to the land to work in small holdings.
The analysis of how the Co-operative Communities Land Settlement Act of 1893 operated is excellent.
Synopsis: When Richard Nixon signed the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act in 1971, eighty million acres were flagged as possible national park land.
Their unified work and legal prowess propelled the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, one of the biggest claim settlements in United States history.
An intense debate over the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government's efforts to legislate the ordinance passed by it to amend the previous government's Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Settlement Act is expected to spread across the country due to opposition from all quarters.
is one of the 13 Alaska Native corporations created through the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA).
He worked on the Metis Settlement Accord in 1988, and sat on the Legislative Council for the Metis Settlement Act in 1990.
The eleven million employee-owners of the twelve thousand companies in the United States with stock ownership plans are not among the serf class, nor are the indigenous peoples of Alaska, who are owners of the Alaskan native corporations that were established by the Alaskan Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971, the second most important piece of economic legislation ever passed by the U.S.
The Gila River Indian Community Water Settlement Act (Title IX of the AWSA) was the culmination of two decades of intense negotiations between the Community and thirty-four state and federal parties to the agreement.