Seven against Thebes


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Seven against Thebes,

in Greek legend, seven heroes—Polynices, Adrastus, Amphiaraüs, Hippomedon, Capaneus, Tydeus, and Parthenopaeus—who made war on Eteocles, king of Thebes. After the banishment of Oedipus, his sons, Eteocles and Polynices, agreed to reign alternately. When after the first year Eteocles refused to relinquish the throne, Polynices, assisted by Adrastus, king of Argos, organized the expedition known as the Seven against Thebes. All were killed except Adrastus. When Creon, Eteocles' uncle and successor to the throne of Thebes, would not permit the burial of the slain, Theseus marched against Thebes and gave them burial. Euripides' Phoenician Women and Aeschylus' Seven against Thebes are based on this legend.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Seven against Thebes, terms related to names and naming are attached to personal names (and, more rarely, names of places).
25) In opposition to the prologue of Seven against Thebes, which is fully concerned with the imminent danger, in the prologue of Phoenician Women, Jocasta traces the genealogical line and the adventures or mishaps of Cadmus' descendants, while also mapping out the process by which personal names have been bestowed upon their bearers by others--either family or community members.
At the same time, as in Seven against Thebes, the particular meaning of Polynices' name is linked to the hero's present conduct; yet, there are two points of differentiation from the corresponding Aeschylean contexts.
The use of names and the exploration of aspects pertaining to the theme of naming in Seven against Thebes and Phoenician Women further each play's particular aims and contribute to its distinctive atmosphere and outlook.
As in Seven against Thebes, the Euripidean drama utilises the traditional association of one's name with one's attributes or qualities (more evidently that of Polynices).
The character of Eteocles in Aeschylus' Seven against Thebes.
Under the Sign of the Shield: Semiotics and Aeschylus' Seven against Thebes.
Cameron 1970:95-118 for the power of words in Seven against Thebes.