Severance of Diplomatic Relations

Severance of Diplomatic Relations

 

the cessation of normal diplomatic relations between two states, entailing the recall of diplomatic representatives and the shutting down of diplomatic missions. A severance of diplomatic relations usually occurs as a result of the onset of war (a declaration of war or an armed attack) or during serious complications in relations between states. The severance of diplomatic relations sometimes precedes the outbreak of war. For example, Japan’s severance of diplomatic relations with Russia on Jan. 24 (Feb. 6), 1904, was followed on Jan. 27 (Feb. 9), 1904, by a perfidious attack on the Russian squadron in Port Arthur.

In accordance with the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, when diplomatic relations are severed the host state must provide assistance for the rapid departure of the staff members of the diplomatic mission and their families.

States that have severed diplomatic relations can maintain contacts on certain, usually current, matters through the diplomatic mission of some third state, to which these states entrust the protection of their interests and the interests of their citizens, as well as the safeguarding of the premises of the mission being recalled, its property and files.

Imperialist powers frequently use the severance of diplomatic relations or the threat of severance as a means of interfering in the internal affairs of other states and as a means of bringing political pressure and provoking international conflicts. Such was the case when the USA and a number of Latin American countries severed diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961–62.

The UN Charter permits the severance of diplomatic relations as a possible collective measure to be carried out in accordance with a resolution of the UN Security Council.

References in periodicals archive ?
I don't think there are many countries in the world for which severance of diplomatic relations with Russia does not matter.
The report also affirms that what happened in the State of Qatar is not only the severance of diplomatic relations but the violations amount to collective punishment.
"There is also a rumor that the UAE even mentioned the severance of diplomatic relations, and Im was sent as a special envoy to resolve the issue," LKP floor leader Kim Sung-tae said during a committee meeting.
The watchdog stressed the need to avoid exploiting the severance of diplomatic relations between the Arab quartet --Bahrain, Saudi, the UAE and Egypt -- and Qatar to fuel strife.
These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations. Article 42 states that if the Security Council considers that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Later, the Maldives, Mauritius, and Mauritania also announced the severance of diplomatic relations. Jordan and Djibouti reduced the level of their diplomatic missions in Qatar.
Jeddah, Ramadan 10, 1438, Jun 5, 2017, SPA -- The General Secretariat of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) stated that it has been following closely the current developments in the Gulf region, namely the severance of diplomatic relations with Qatar by many OIC Member States following information and evidence of hostile acts emanating from Qatar.
"Egypt maintains a severance of diplomatic relations over the past 25 years and has taken no position to change that situation." (Actually, relations have been severed for 37 years.)
Third: Severance of diplomatic relations and expulsion of Iranian ambassador in the wake of attacks on Saudi diplomatic missions in Iran.
Syrian Justice Minister refused to give clarification on the number of the inmates and the Tunisian fighters on the Syrian soil, because of the severance of diplomatic relations between Tunisia and Syria, the journalist reports.
The non-military options foreseen in Chapter VII include "complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations" (Article 41).