Severus


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Severus

or

Septimius Severus

(Lucius Septimius Severus) (sĕptĭm`ēəs sēvē`rəs), 146–211, Roman emperor (193–211), b. Africa. He was campaigning in Pannonia and Illyria when the emperor CommodusCommodus
(Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus) , 161–192, Roman emperor (180–192), son and successor of Marcus Aurelius. In 180, reversing his father's foreign policy, he concluded peace with the German and the Sarmatian tribes and returned to his licentious pleasures in
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 was murdered. His successor, PertinaxPertinax
(Publius Helvius Pertinax) , 126–193, Roman emperor (193), b. Liguria. Formerly a general, he reluctantly succeeded Commodus on the throne. Attempting to curb license in the Praetorian Guard, he was slain by a soldier, thus ending his brief reign of three months.
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, lasted three months before he too was assassinated. The Pretorian guards arranged the succession of the weak Didius JulianusDidius Julianus
(Marcus Didius Salvius Julianus) , d. 193, Roman emperor (193). He was consul under Pertinax, on whose death the Praetorian Guard received bids for the position of emperor. Didius bid highest and became emperor.
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. With the empire in disarray, Severus marched on Rome. Proclaimed emperor, Severus went to the East to overthrow Pescennius Niger, the governor of Syria, who had also been proclaimed emperor by his legions. Severus defeated (194) the pretender. He took (196) Byzantium and subdued the rebellious Arabs of Mesopotamia. Returning to the West, he defeated (197) Clodius Albinus, another pretender, in Gaul and, returning eastward, attacked and expelled (198) the Parthians from Mesopotamia. In 208, Severus went to Britain. From there he harassed Scotland, but he died at York before completing his plans for a large invasion. Severus built a strong army, increasing the number of legions while eliminating the large commands that had been common for Rome, thus protecting himself against being overthrown while he protected Rome. He ruled with vigor and, when he found it useful, a calculated cruelty. Caracalla succeeded him.

Bibliography

See study by A. R. Birley (1971).


Severus

(Flavius Valerius Severus), d. 307, Roman emperor (306–7). He participated with GaleriusGalerius
(Caius Galerius Valerius Maximinianus) , d. 310, Roman emperor (305–10). Diocletian appointed him caesar for the eastern part of the empire in 293 (Constantius I was caesar of the West). He had to conduct hard campaigns in Pannonia and Asia.
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 in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow MaxentiusMaxentius
(Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius) , d. 312, Roman emperor (306–12), son of Maximian. After Diocletian and Maximian had retired, the successor to Maximian, Constantius, died.
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. Surrendering to Maximian (father of Maxentius) at Ravenna on the condition that his life be spared, Severus was taken to Rome. He was later, however, treacherously killed by Maxentius.
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Severus

Lucius Septimius . 146--211 ad, Roman soldier and emperor (193--211). He waged war successfully against the Parthians (197--202) and spent his last years in Britain (208- -11)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
This is a comparison to when Severus came to power in AD 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors, which began with the murder of the Emperor Commodus.
He is a precautionary inclusion, along with the Donovan-trained Severus, who has good prospects of improving on a Galway festival second, and Downforce, who is stepped up in trip after a couple of encouraging runs in sprint handicaps.
| JK Rowling " In a series of eight tweets, Rowling explained that Harry had named his middle child Albus Severus because of "forgiveness and gratitude" to former Potions teacher, later Hogwarts' headmaster, Severus Snape.
JK ROWLING has explained why Harry Potter named his middle child after nasty Hogwarts teacher Severus Snape.
South Florida) explores how Roman emperor Septimius Severus (145-211) used the image of Julia Domna to negotiate ideologies within the popular and ruling classes.
It was successful in 50 bird species; in 16 of those (Alopochen aegyptiacus, Ara severus, Aratinga acuticaudata, Bucorvus leadbeateri, Cereopsis novaehollandiae, Columba arquatrix, Corvus corax, Corvus frugilegus, Cyanoliseus patagonus, Guttera plumifera, Lamprotornis superbus, Milvus milvus, Neophron percnopterus, Ocyphaps lophotes, Podiceps cristatus, and Poicephalus senegalus), it was carried out for the first time by using molecular markers and polymerase chain reaction.
It reflects the beliefs and cultural traditions of the late 180s, the show evokes the commonplace worship of the sun god and Julia's first meeting with her future husband, the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus. Their love blossoms in Homs and they are married amongst widespread joy and festivities.
Founded by Phoenicians about 1100 B.C., the city became prominent when native son Septimius Severus was emperor of Rome between 193 and 211 A.D.
Summary: Severus Snape has beaten the celebrated teen wizard to be crowned the most popular character from the Harry Potter books.
The sole source for the episodes upon which Watts focuses his study is a hagiographic text of the late fifth or early sixth century, Zacharias Scholasticus's Life of Severus. That well-known text describes the destruction and looting of an Isaic temple in the town of Menouthis that followed a fight between a Christian student--one Paralius, whose brothers were members of the nearby Enaton monastic community and a group of pagan students whom Paralius had offended by mocking local pagan intellectuals and the traditional gods.
Edward Gibbon thought that the decline of the Roman Empire began with Severus (b.