Sextus Pompeius

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Pompeius, Sextus

(sĕk`stəs pŏmpā`əs), d. 35 B.C., Roman commander; one of the sons of PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
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 the Great. He fought for his father at Pharsalus, then went to Egypt and, after the battle of Thapsus, to Spain, where he continued warring against Caesar's followers after the death of his elder brother in 45 B.C. In 44 B.C., Lepidus (d. 13 B.C.) made a settlement with Sextus, and he was given command of a Roman fleet in 43 B.C. Later outlawed by the Romans, he seized Sicily and prevented grain ships from reaching Rome. He supported Antony, but in 40 B.C. came to a settlement with Octavian (later Augustus). Two years later Octavian accused Sextus of breaking their agreement and attacked him. Sextus defeated Octavian in 38 B.C. and again in 36 B.C. Later that year Sextus was crushed at Mylae and then at Naulochus. He fled to Asia Minor, where he was captured and killed.


See biography by M. Hadas (1930).

References in periodicals archive ?
The veterans from the last war still haven't been paid; the landowners we evicted are enraged; our enemies are flocking to Sextus Pompeius.
The Perusine war or siege definitely happened before hostilities between Sextus Pompeius and Octavian broke out, as any Roman of the time would know.
This epithet attached to Caesar is unusual because Magnus was the famous cognomen ex virtute of Pompey, father of Sextus Pompeius, and was adopted as a praenomen by his son.
That honor has traditionally belonged to Antonio Zarotto, who printed the De verborum significatione of Sextus Pompeius Festus in 1471.
In the war with Sextus Pompeius, Augustus himself freed 20,000 slaves to serve as rowers in the Imperial fleet, Suet.
Ovid declares himself no longer human, but a "thing", a work of art "created" by his patron, Sextus Pompeius (Ex.
Sextus Pompeius, self-proclaimed favourite of Neptune, is attested (Valerius Maximus II: 6, 8) visiting Ioulis, and presumably anchoring with his warships in the great havbour, as he transferred his bid for Mediterranean sea-power from Sicily to Asia in autumn 36 BC (a revealing little episode not mentioned in this volume).