Sextus Pompeius


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Pompeius, Sextus

(sĕk`stəs pŏmpā`əs), d. 35 B.C., Roman commander; one of the sons of PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
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 the Great. He fought for his father at Pharsalus, then went to Egypt and, after the battle of Thapsus, to Spain, where he continued warring against Caesar's followers after the death of his elder brother in 45 B.C. In 44 B.C., Lepidus (d. 13 B.C.) made a settlement with Sextus, and he was given command of a Roman fleet in 43 B.C. Later outlawed by the Romans, he seized Sicily and prevented grain ships from reaching Rome. He supported Antony, but in 40 B.C. came to a settlement with Octavian (later Augustus). Two years later Octavian accused Sextus of breaking their agreement and attacked him. Sextus defeated Octavian in 38 B.C. and again in 36 B.C. Later that year Sextus was crushed at Mylae and then at Naulochus. He fled to Asia Minor, where he was captured and killed.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Hadas (1930).

References in periodicals archive ?
Margaret Mann Phillips, The 'Adages' of Erasmus: a study with translations (Cambridge 1964) 91: Erasmus had an excerpt from Flaccus (55BC-AD 20) De significatione verborum by Sextus Pompeius Festus (2nd century) at hand.
Antonius' defeat of Brutus and Cassius at Philippi (42 BC), (3) Octavian's war on and eventual defeat of Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompeius Magnus at Naulochus (38-36 BC), (4) the Perusine war against L.
The temple's specific association with the battle at Actium is at the very least not clear and possibly absent, as will be argued below, the temple was originally avowed by Octavian in 36 BC after his campaign against Sextus Pompeius.
That honor has traditionally belonged to Antonio Zarotto, who printed the De verborum significatione of Sextus Pompeius Festus in 1471.
Vixit Sextus Pompeius primum sorori superstes, cuius morte optime cohaerentis romanae pacis uincula resoluta sunt, idenque hic uixit superstes optimo fratri, quem fortuna in hoc euexerat, ne minus alte euro deiceret quam patrem deiecerat, et post hunc tamen casum Sextus Pompeius non tantum dolori, sed etiam belio suffecit.
From 43 to 36 BC Pompey's surviving son, Sextus Pompeius, waged a campaign against Caesar's heir Octavian, the future emperor Augustus.
In a sense it was Augustus's victories over Sextus Pompeius and his other main rival, Mark Antony, that eventually made possible the effective Roman suppression of piracy in the Mediterranean.
On passer as translation of strouthos, see Sextus Pompeius Festus, De Verborum Significatu, ed.
Sextus Pompeius (Pompey), the son of Pompey the Great.
Having given himself over to a life of sensual pleasure with Cleopatra in Egypt, Marc Antony returns to Rome upon hearing of his wife's death and of an attack on Italy by the forces of Sextus Pompeius. In Rome the differences between Antony and the two other triumvirs, Octavius Caesar and Lepidus, are patched up by Antony's marriage to Octavia, the sister of Octavius.