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see SafaqisSafaqis
or Sfax
, city (1994 pop. 230,900), E Tunisia, on the Gulf of Qabis (Gabès), an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. It is Tunisia's second largest city and has exports of phosphates, olive oil, cereals, and sponges.
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, Tunisia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city on the eastern coast of Tunisia, on the Gulf of Gabès. Population, 100,000 (1973). Sfax is the industrial, transportation, and administrative center of the governorate of Sfax. Its port handles mostly phosphorite exports; in 1974 the freight turnover was 3.8 million tons. The city is also a highway junction and has a railroad station and an airport. There are enterprises of the textile, metalworking, food-processing, and leather-footwear industries. A large superphosphate plant and a steam power plant are also located in the city.

Sfax was founded in the ninth century on the site of the ancient city of Taparura, which was known in Roman times. Architectural monuments include the remains of the city walls (ninth century), the palace of Dar-Si-Ali-Nuri (ninth century, now the Museum of National Art), and the Great Mosque (849). The new city, north of Old Sfax, has been developed according to a citygarden plan (since 1944). Sfax is the site of an archaeological museum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in E Tunisia, on the Gulf of Gabès: the second largest town in Tunisia; commercial centre of a phosphate region. Pop.: 570 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Sur ordre du parquet de Sfax, les migrants ont ete places en detention preventive en attendant leur comparution devant la justice.
Regarding the smuggler of Ivorian nationality, the spokesperson for the courts of Sfax said the Prosecutor of the Court of First Instance of Sfax 1 had initiated an investigation against him for having helped others to cross the sea illegally, while an arrest warrant has been issued against him.
When the hotel launches as Movenpick Hotel Sfax later this year, it will mark the Swiss hospitality firm's fourth property in Tunisia.
When the hotel will be inaugurated as ME[micro]venpick Hotel Sfax later this year, it will be the fourth property of the Swiss hotel chain in Tunisia.
When the hotel launches as ME[micro]venpick Hotel Sfax later this year, it will mark the Swiss hospitality firm's fourth property in Tunisia.
The port of Sfax echoed to the sound of sirens as a stream of ambulances ferried the wounded to hospital.
Intervention areas of the Tunisian-Italian project, which was started in 2004, were delineated at the delegations of Mahares, Agareb, Southern Sfax and Menzel Chaker, according to a report on the fight against desertification in the region.
At its meeting held on December 31, 2018, the Sfax City Council had decided to stop the total and definitive transfer of phosphate through the city, on the basis of the promises made by the Prime Ministry.
The event will take place under the auspices of Prime Minister Youssef Chahed, and will be organized by the Sfax Business Center, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Agency for the Promotion of Industry and Innovation, in partnership with the Deutsche Gesellschaft fE-r Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH through its project Fund for the Promotion of Youth Employment in Tunisia, mandated by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
In a statement to TAP correspondent on the fringes of the preparatory electoral meeting to select the party's candidates for the forthcoming parliamentary elections in the Sfax 1 constituency, Laadhari pointed out that the structures of the movement will decide during consultations that will be conducted during this summer, to choose for the presidential elections a candidate from the Ennahdha party or to support a personality who does not belong to the movement.