Nablus

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Nablus

(nă`bləs, nä`–), Heb. Shechem, city (2003 est. pop. 127,000), the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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. It is the market center for a region where wheat and olives are grown and sheep and goats are grazed. Manufactures include soap made from olive oil and colorful shepherds' coats. The city is linked by highway with Jerusalem.

Nablus, an ancient Canaanite town, has remains dating from c.2000 B.C., about the time when the city was held by Egypt. The Samaritans (see under SamariaSamaria
, city, ancient Palestine, on a hill NW of modern-day Nablus (Shechem). The site is now occupied by a village, Sabastiyah (West Bank). Samaria (named for Shemer, who owned the land) was built by King Omri as the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel in the early 9th
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) made it their capital and built a temple on nearby GerizimGerizim
, Arabic Jabal at Tur, mountain, 2,890 ft (881 m) high, in the Samaritan Hills, in the West Bank. Nablus, near the ancient Shechem, lies in the valley between Gerizim and Mt. Ebal.
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 to rival that of Jerusalem. Nablus still has a small community of Samaritans. The city was destroyed (129 B.C.) by John Hyrcanus I. Under Hadrian it was rebuilt and named Flavia Neapolis, from which the present name derives. Nearby are the reputed sites of the tomb of Joseph and the well of Jacob.

Nablus has long been a center of Arab nationalism, and the city's Palestinian refugee camps exacerbated tensions between residents and Israeli troops after the city came under Israeli occupation following the Arab-Israeli War of 1967. During the IntifadaIntifada
[Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec.
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, it was the scene of ongoing violent clashes between Arabs and Jews. Israeli forces left the city in 1995 as part of the agreement establishing Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank. In the renewed violence that began in 2000 the city was again the scene of fighting between Palestinians and Israelis and between Palestinian groups as well.

Nablus

 

(Nabulus), a city in western Jordan. Population, 44,200 (1967). The city is a highway junction. It has a soap factory and a factory producing olive oil. In 1967, Nablus was occupied by Israeli troops.

Nablus

a town in the West Bank: near the site of ancient Shechem. Pop.: 136 000 (2005 est.)