Saul

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Saul,

first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the PhilistinesPhilistines
, inhabitants of Philistia, a non-Semitic people who came to Palestine from the Aegean (probably Crete), in the 12th cent. B.C. Their control of iron supplies and their tight political organization of cities made them a rival of the people of Israel for centuries.
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 brought him into constant conflict with them. The Bible tells his story dramatically, for it is really the story of DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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, first the protégé, then the rival, and finally the successor, of the king. Saul's son JonathanJonathan
[short for Jehonathan, Heb.,=Yahweh has given]. 1 In the Bible, Saul's son and David's friend, killed at the battle of Mt. Gilboa. David showed kindness to his son Mephibosheth. 2 David's nephew.
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 was David's friend—a fact that adds pathos to the story of Saul's attempts to destroy David. David would not harm Saul, who nevertheless met a melancholy end after he went to the witch of Endor and heard his defeat and death prophesied. Saul, defeated and wounded in battle with the Philistines on Mt. Gilboa, committed suicide rather than be captured. Though Saul was unsuccessful in defeating the Philistines, he paved the way for enhanced national security and unity under David. The Saul of the Book of Genesis is elsewhere called ShaulShaul
, in the Bible. 1 Son of Simeon, eponym of the Shaulites. 2 King of Edom. An alternate form is Saul. 3 Same as Joel (13.)
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.

Saul

 

founder of the united kingdom of Israel and Judah (late 11th century B.C.). Saul first gained prominence as a military commander in the war with the Ammonites over the city of Ja-besh-gilead (in Transjordan). He was elected king at a popular assembly of the league of Israelite tribes. Under Saul’s leadership, the Israelite tribes freed themselves from the rule of the Philistines. After being defeated in a battle with the Philistines at Mount Gilboa (c. 1004 B.C.), Saul committed suicide.

Saul

contravening God, takes spoils from conquered Amalekites. [O.T.: I Samuel 15:17–19]

Saul

becomes Christian proselytizer after Lord’s visitation. [N.T.: Acts 9:1–22]

Saul

falls on sword to avoid humiliation of capture. [O.T.: I Samuel 31:4–6]
See: Suicide

Saul

1. Old Testament the first king of Israel (?1020--1000 bc). He led Israel successfully against the Philistines, but was in continual conflict with the high priest Samuel. He became afflicted with madness and died by his own hand; succeeded by David
2. New Testament the name borne by Paul prior to his conversion (Acts 9: 1--30)
References in periodicals archive ?
Understanding Sha'ul the Rabbi' is both eye-opening and engrossing, making an extremely valuable contribution to theologian history.
Sha'ul can be described as the first Iraqi Jew in the modern period who tried to adopt in his writings a local version of the earlier Jewish European Haskala (Enlightenment).
In 1998 'Amir surprised his readers with the novel Ahavat Sha'ul (Sha'ul's Love) in which he completely departed from his own fictionalized experiences and the autobiographical alter egos of Nuri and Kabi.
Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz said on Tuesday that since the start of the year, Iran has funneled more than $10 million to finance such terrorist groups.
Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz's recent comments to the effect that Israel would open a dialogue with the Hamas under certain conditions was interpreted by Hania as an expression of weakness.
In a press conference, Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz called the Hizbullah attacks "acts of war by Lebanon.
federal court rejected outright a civil suit brought by Arabs from the Palestinian Authority against the State of Israel and its officials, including Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, IDF and GSS chiefs, Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz, Vice-PM Shimon Peres, former Shabak Chief Avi Dichter, former Defense Minister Binyamin Ben Eliezer, Amos Gilad, Ahron Ze'evi Farkash, Amos Yaron, MK Uzi Landau, MK Meir Sheetrit (Likud) and Natan Sharansky.
Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz said the issue of how the PA's January elections would be conducted has not been discussed by the Israeli government, according to The Forward, a New York Jewish daily.
net, five IDF battalion commanders have warned of mass refusal by soldiers in a document written to Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz and Chief of Staff Dan Halutz last week.
Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz has issued a military restraining order against a couple from the slated-for-destruction community of Sa-Nur - leaving the family's children alone in their house.
Some Israeli leaders, among them Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz, had come out in favor of leaving the homes of Gush Katif residents intact.
The order to jail Neria Ofan was signed by Defense Minister Sha'ul Mofaz, and was handed to him as he pulled up to the Hizmeh checkpoint near the northern Jerusalem neighborhood of Pisgat Ze'ev.