Shaanxi


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Shaanxi

(shän`shē`) or

Shensi

(shĕn`sē`) [west of the mountain passes], province (2010 pop. 37,327,378), c.76,000 sq mi (196,840 sq km), N central China. Xi'anXi'an
or Sian
, city (1994 est. pop. 2,114,900), capital of Shaanxi prov., China, in the Wei River valley. Situated on the Longhai RR, China's principal east-west line, it is an important commercial, tranportation, and tourism center in a wheat- and cotton-growing area.
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 is the capital. From north to south Shaanxi has four main regions—the loess plateau, fertile but dry; the Wei River valley, rich agriculturally and the center of population; the Qinling divide, the highest range of the province; and the upper Han River valley. The valleys of the Wei and Han rivers and newly irrigated areas in the northwest are the main farming regions. Extensive reforestation, terracing, and irrigation have reclaimed much eroded land and increased agricultural output. Wheat, millet, cotton, soybeans, and corn are the chief crops. Rice, tea, and tung oil are produced in the south, and fruit orchards are cultivated in the upland areas. Livestock (notably sheep) are raised. Shaanxi has rich coal and iron deposits. Oil is extracted at Yanchang, just E of Yan-an, and salt is obtained from lakes. China's main east-west railroad traverses Shaanxi through the Wei valley. A branch line links the west with Chengdu in Sichuan prov. A highway ties the Wei valley to the northwest. Important population centers are Xi'an, BaojiBaoji
or Paoki
, city (1994 est. pop. 379,400), SW Shaanxi prov., China, on the Wei River. On the Longhai RR, it is an important junction point for the line to Chengdu, in Sichuan prov.
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, Tongchuan, Xianyang, and Yan'anYan'an
or Yenan
, city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long march and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–9) of the Chinese Communists, who established
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. Since the 1960s, Shaanxi has developed industrially; cotton, once sent to Shanghai for processing, is spun and woven in the province. Shaanxi's main industrial city is Xi'an, which has a variety of heavy and light industries. Shaanxi, especially the Wei River valley, was one of the early major political and cultural centers of N China. The founders of the Chou, Ch'in, and T'ang dynasties built their power there, and the Manchus gave the province its present boundaries. There was a widespread Muslim rebellion in Shaanxi in the 1860s. In 1935 the Communist army came to Yan'an in Shaanxi on its "long march," and from 1935 until the assumption of power in 1949, Shaanxi was the seat of the Chinese Communists.

Shaanxi

, Shensi
a province of NW China: one of the earliest centres of Chinese civilization; largely mountainous. Capital: Xi'an. Pop.: 36 900 000 (2003 est.). Area: 195 800 sq. km (75 598 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Provincial governments of Inner Mongolia autonomous region and Shaanxi are urged to enhance their leadership to guarantee the timely completion of the task.
Curated by leading scholars and designed by National Museums Liverpool, working with the Shaanxi Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau and Shaanxi History Museum, China's First Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors will also feature immersive technology to create a unique interpretation of the collection.
The representatives of Shaanxi Pharmaceuticals Group said that their company was exporting pharma products to over 200 countries and it wanted to explore business prospects in Pakistan.
Kilns, tiles and a 500-meter ancient wall, along with a total of 19 tombs were found during the excavation of a historical site, according to Sun Zhanwei, researcher at the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, according to Global Times.
The Shaanxi office of the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) is leading the investigation.
Ssangyong Motor Company, a South Korea-based automaker, is exploring a joint venture in China with Shaanxi Automobile Group Company.
On 21 May 2015, the Shaanxi Provincial Department of Commerce of the People's Republic of China (the "PRC") granted Chinlink the right to establish a wholly foreign-owned enterprise ("WFOE") with a registered capital of US dollar 30 million.
Shaanxi cuisine served at 221 BCE is less familiar to most Americans than Cantonese or Szechuan, but major Shaanxi restaurants have been opening recently in cities like San Francisco and New York.
Danshensu Yibingzhi was developed by Professor Xiaohui Zheng and his research team after 14 years of research, and was recently approved by the Education Department of Shaanxi Province and The Finance Department of Shaanxi Province for the further industrialisation and marketing.
The China News Service reported that 12 people had died in the city of Chongqing, three in neighboring Sichuan province and another four in Shaanxi province.
International Resource News-March 31, 2014--Xi'an TCH Energy Technology receives Shaanxi Government Special Financial Award
BEIJING -- Pakistan has been invited for participation in an investment and trade fair to be organized next year at the starting point of ancient Silk Road in China's northwestern Shaanxi province.