Shaanxi

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Shaanxi

(shän`shē`) or

Shensi

(shĕn`sē`) [west of the mountain passes], province (2010 pop. 37,327,378), c.76,000 sq mi (196,840 sq km), N central China. Xi'anXi'an
or Sian
, city (1994 est. pop. 2,114,900), capital of Shaanxi prov., China, in the Wei River valley. Situated on the Longhai RR, China's principal east-west line, it is an important commercial, tranportation, and tourism center in a wheat- and cotton-growing area.
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 is the capital. From north to south Shaanxi has four main regions—the loess plateau, fertile but dry; the Wei River valley, rich agriculturally and the center of population; the Qinling divide, the highest range of the province; and the upper Han River valley. The valleys of the Wei and Han rivers and newly irrigated areas in the northwest are the main farming regions. Extensive reforestation, terracing, and irrigation have reclaimed much eroded land and increased agricultural output. Wheat, millet, cotton, soybeans, and corn are the chief crops. Rice, tea, and tung oil are produced in the south, and fruit orchards are cultivated in the upland areas. Livestock (notably sheep) are raised. Shaanxi has rich coal and iron deposits. Oil is extracted at Yanchang, just E of Yan-an, and salt is obtained from lakes. China's main east-west railroad traverses Shaanxi through the Wei valley. A branch line links the west with Chengdu in Sichuan prov. A highway ties the Wei valley to the northwest. Important population centers are Xi'an, BaojiBaoji
or Paoki
, city (1994 est. pop. 379,400), SW Shaanxi prov., China, on the Wei River. On the Longhai RR, it is an important junction point for the line to Chengdu, in Sichuan prov.
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, Tongchuan, Xianyang, and Yan'anYan'an
or Yenan
, city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long march and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–9) of the Chinese Communists, who established
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. Since the 1960s, Shaanxi has developed industrially; cotton, once sent to Shanghai for processing, is spun and woven in the province. Shaanxi's main industrial city is Xi'an, which has a variety of heavy and light industries. Shaanxi, especially the Wei River valley, was one of the early major political and cultural centers of N China. The founders of the Chou, Ch'in, and T'ang dynasties built their power there, and the Manchus gave the province its present boundaries. There was a widespread Muslim rebellion in Shaanxi in the 1860s. In 1935 the Communist army came to Yan'an in Shaanxi on its "long march," and from 1935 until the assumption of power in 1949, Shaanxi was the seat of the Chinese Communists.

Shaanxi

, Shensi
a province of NW China: one of the earliest centres of Chinese civilization; largely mountainous. Capital: Xi'an. Pop.: 36 900 000 (2003 est.). Area: 195 800 sq. km (75 598 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The CITIC-Prudential JV has received approval to launch a branch in China's Shaanxi province.
The festival is being organized by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, and the People's Government of Shaanxi Province, the Silk Road International Arts Festival is held on an annual basis.
Shaanxi province of China is collaborating with Pakistan this year in different walks of life.
Zhao Xiaoqiang, deputy director of department of culture in China's Shaanxi province, meanwhile, told Xinhua that this was the first time he and the troupe had visited Pakistan, adding that he was overwhelmed with the warm welcome and friendship between the two peoples.
For aviation, the authorities of Xian, the capital of China's Shaanxi Province, have decided recently to open a direct aviation route to Pyongyang in July.
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A case of HPAI H7N9 virus infection in a human from Shaanxi Province was identified in the city of Yulin on May 26, 2017.
Accenture Plc (NYSE:ACN), a leading global professional services company, announced on Friday that along with State Grid Shaanxi Electric Power Company (Shaanxi Electric), which constructs and operates electric power grids in China's Shaanxi province, it has developed and launched a new digital asset management system that collects and gives the electric company access to all asset life cycle information in a single tool.
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The warehouse belongs to a mining construction and explosion operations business in Shaanxi province. The truck was transporting chemicals from Henan province.
The delegation members also invited ICCI members to visit Shaanxi Province to explore business collaborations.