Shabad, Leon Manusovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shabad, Leon Manusovich


Born Jan. 6 (19), 1902, in Minsk. Soviet oncologist. Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1962). One of the founders of experimental oncology in the USSR. Member of the CPSU since 1953.

Shabad graduated from the First Leningrad Medical Institute in 1924. From 1938 to 1941 he was head of the subdepartment of pathological anatomy of the Second Leningrad Medical Institute. Beginning in 1935 he was head of the laboratories of experimental oncology of the All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine and various institutes of morphology and oncology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. In 1958 he became head of the department of carcinogenic agents of the All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine.

Shabad has worked mainly on chemical carcinogenesis, precancers, the prevention of malignant tumors, and the history of oncology. He discovered (1937) endogenous chemical carcinogens in the human body. He was awarded the International Prize of the World Health Organization in 1962 for the best work on cancer and methods of combating cancer.

Shabad is a foreign member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and of many scientific oncological societies. He is an honorary doctor of Charles University in Prague and an honorary member of The New York Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Badge of Honor, and several medals.


Ocherki eksperimental’noi onkologii. Moscow, 1947.
Predrak v eksperimental’no-morfologicheskom aspekte. Moscow, 1967.
Endogennye blastomogennye veshchestva. Moscow, 1969.
O tsirkuliatsii kantserogenov v okruzhaiushchei srede. Moscow, 1973.
Transplatsentarnyi blastomogenez i organnye kul’tury. Moscow, 1975. (Coauthor.)


“Leon Manusovich Shabad.” Voprosy onkologii, 1972, vol. 18, no. 1.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.