Shaftesbury(redirected from Shaftesbury, Wiltshire)
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1. 1st Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1621--83, English statesman, a major figure in the Whig opposition to Charles II
2. 7th Earl of, title of Anthony Ashley Cooper. 1801--85, English evangelical churchman and social reformer. He promoted measures to improve conditions in mines (1842), factories (1833; 1847; 1850), and schools