Ismail I

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ismail I

 

Born July 17, 1487, in Ardebil; died there May 23, 1524. Founder and first shah of the Safavid state.

Ismail I was one of the sons of a sheikh of the Safavi order. In 1500–01 he established his authority in Azerbaijan with the support of the Kizilbash tribes. He also seized the city of Tabriz. Between 1503 and 1510, Ismail I subjugated almost all of Iran, Armenia, and Arabic Iraq and part of Middle Asia and neighboring regions. His advance westward led to war in 1514 between the Safavids and the Ottomans. In the Battle of Chaldiran (1514), Shah Ismail suffered defeat and lost western Armenia, Kurdistan, and Arabic Iraq. He encouraged the development of handicrafts and trade and strengthened the machinery of state. Under Ismail, Shiism was proclaimed the state religion. He patronized poets, artists, and scholars and was himself a major Azerbaijani poet (writing under the pseudonym of Khatai).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jalal had noted in the book, published in March 2010 by Harvard University Press, that Balakot was the place where Sayyid Ahmad (1786-1831) and Shah Ismail (1779-1831) waged a jihad against the Sikh kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and fell in battle on May 6, 1831.
In Lahore Division, the land has been leased out in Sialkot, Lahore, Kasur, Faisalabad, Bahawalnagar and Shah Ismail which would earn revenue of Rs 3122.73 million after completion of the lease period, adding, Pakistan Railways has so far earned Rs 30.45 million, the document said.The organization has leased out land in Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalnagar, under Multan Division, which would generate Rs 555 million and Pakistan Railways has so far earned Rs 54 million from the lease process.
F a i s a l a b a d , Bahawalnagar and Shah Ismail which would earn revenue of Rs 3122.73 million after completion of the lease period, adding, Pakistan Railways has so far earned Rs 30.45 million, the document said.
Some halls dedicated to 13thcentury scientist Nasiraddin Tusi's life and creativity, Shams Tabrizi, Zulfugar Shirvani and Molla Gasim Shirvani, Shah Ismail Khatayi, Hasan bay Zardabi, Husein Javid attract great attention of the visitors.
In Bahawalnagar, the land was given to Hamza Arslan Filling Station, Malik Aslam and Shah Ismail.
He translated Mohammad Bin Abdul Wahhab's famous Arabic work Kitab-ut-tauheed into Urdu, to prove that Shah Ismail's book Taqviyet-ul-iman was not its translation, as alleged by some.
Aban Shah had four sons, namely Shah Salahuddin, Lal Muhammad Shah, Shah Ismail and Sajjan Shah alias Dadan Shah.
Naming the late Shah Waliullah, Shah Ismail Shaheed, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and others, the JUI-F leader said that they fought bravely against the British and Hindus and played a key role in Pakistan\'s movement.
On the other side, Shah Ismail, who was aware of the importance of the role of Sufism in his conquest, much attention was given to them.
We have instances of many myopic seminaries declaring scholars like Allama Iqbal and Shah Ismail Shaheed infidels.
She was the daughter of Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi (titled Shahnawaz Khan and popularly known as Mirza Deccan) whose great-grandfather was the son of Shah Ismail I Safavi.
Expressing a bond with the Safavid state and its ruler, Shah Ismail, Ecamuroy-lu said he considers himself a descendant of Shah Ismail due to their common denominator, Turkishness.