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a multilevel Neolithic and Bronze Age settlement, located 40 km from the city of Zabol, in Iran. Shahr-i Sokhta was excavated by British (1916) and Italian (1967–71) expeditions. Its development has been traced from a settlement of early farmers of the late fourth and early third millennia B.C., characterized by hand-modeled painted pottery, to an urban center of the second half of the third millennium B.C., with developed industry and monumental architecture. By the beginning of the second millennium B.C., Shahr-i Sokhta was no longer inhabited.