Shahristan

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shahristan

 

the territory of an early feudal city in Middle Asia. A shahristan usually had a rectangular layout with a more or less regular network of streets and was protected by a fortress wall with towers and gates. Sometimes a citadel was built inside the shahristan, for example, at the site of the ancient fortified city of Kafyr-Kala near Kolkhozabad in the Tadzhik SSR. The compactly built residential districts included meeting places, workshops, and small markets. Temples occupied a prominent place in the urban layout. Caravansaries were located outside the walls of the shahristan, as were suburban estates, a cemetery, and sometimes a citadel, as in Pendzhikent. With the development of feudalism, the shahristan developed an artisans’ suburb, called a rabad.

REFERENCE

Belenitskii, A. M., I. B. Bentovich, and O. G. Bol’shakov. Srednevekovyi gorod Srednei Azii. Leningrad, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries, divided by the fortress, Ganja consisted of four parts: the outer city, Shahristan (Posad), Ich-gala and Narin-gala.
The chairman of the Shahristan region Umar Yekubzoda was dismissed from his post in connection with the transfer to another job and Ashurali Jalilzoda replaced him, Avesta reports.
Currently Amul represents a castle (shahristan), the walls of which form an almost right quadrilateral area to 9 m.
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The first centers were opened in 2009 in the administrative centers of Vose, Panj Asht, Roshtkala and Shahristan dirtricts.
A statement issued by the Deputy Prime Minister's Office quoted Shahristan stressing the necessity to develop bilateral relations in the political, economic, education and health fields; calling on Indian firms to enter Iraqi market, especially the ones specialized in the fields of energy, petrochemical industries, low cost housing, tourism and agriculture.
In a statement by Deputy Premier for Energy Affairs Hussein Shahristan, a meeting was held among Sharistani, deputy premier Roz Nouri Shawees and Horami to exchange views connected with oil issues between Baghdad and Arbil.
BAMYAN CITY (PAN): Food items and animal feed were distributed to residents of the Shahristan district in central Daikundi province, where an ongoing drought has destroyed 60 percent of corps, officials said on Thursday.
The Kurds argue that the Iraqi constitution allows them to sign oil contracts and say Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain Al Shahristan's objection to the deals reflects opposition to Kurdish autonomy.
In Tajikistan, close to Iran's heart because of various cultural and historical connections, Tehran's aim is to build on the progress made as a result of a January visit to Tehran by Tajik President Imomali Rahmonov, which paved the way for an expansion of bilateral ties - e.g., agreements providing for Iranian assistance for several Tajik infrastructure projects, including construction of the Sangtuda-2 hydro-electric power plant and the Shahristan Tunnel.
Mersey pilot Ian Wood sails out at sunset to bring in Stick Line's Shahristan, with her distinctive Stuelcken heavy-lift derricks in July, 1973