Shaikh Al-Islam

Shaikh Al-Islam

 

(1) In Islamic countries since the 11th century, a title of respect for ulama, or prominent theologians.

(2) In the Ottoman Empire from the mid-16th century to 1924, the mufti of Istanbul—that is, the head of the Muslim clergy, appointed by the sultan.

(3) In Iran during the reign of the Safavids, one of the chief judges among the ecclesiastical judges appointed by the shah.