Shaka


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Shaka

(shä`kä), d. 1828, paramount chief (1818–28) of the Zulus. He organized an army of some 40,000, and after reducing many enemy peoples to vassalage, he subjugated all of what is now KwaZulu-Natal. Shaka was murdered by his half-brother, Dingane. His name is also spelled Chaka.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shaka

 

(also Chaka). Born circa 1787; died September 1828. Zulu inkosi, or ruler.

Shaka united a number of related tribes in what is now Natal Province, Republic of South Africa. He later extended his authority to parts of what are now the Transvaal, Cape of Good Hope Province, and the Orange Free State. Shaka created a disciplined army and laid the groundwork for a Zulu state. In the last years of his life his power was unlimited, and he became a despot. Shaka was murdered by a group of conspirators.

REFERENCE

Ritter, E. A. Chaka Zulu. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Shaka

, Chaka
died 1828, Zulu military leader, who founded the Zulu Empire in southern Africa
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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