Shakhovskoi, Iakov Petrovich
Born Oct. 8 (19), 1705; died July 23 (Aug. 3), 1777, in Moscow. Prince. Russian state figure and memoirist.
Shakhovskoi began his military career as a soldier in the Semenovskii Life Guards Regiment in 1719, and he served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–39. He became a senator in 1741 and was chief procurator of the Synod from 1742 to 1753. Named procurator-general of the Senate in 1760, he retired in 1761. Shakhovskoi’s memoirs describe the social life of 18th-century Russia and provide a characterization of the leaders of the St. Petersburg administration.
WORKSZapiski . . . 1705–1777. St. Petersburg, 1872.
REFERENCES[Radishchev, N. A.] Zhizn’ kniazia Ia. P. Shakhovskogo. Moscow, 1810.
Pekarskii, P. P. “Russkie memuary XVIII v.” Sovremennik, 1855, vol. 52.