Shakhovskoi, Iakov Petrovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shakhovskoi, Iakov Petrovich


Born Oct. 8 (19), 1705; died July 23 (Aug. 3), 1777, in Moscow. Prince. Russian state figure and memoirist.

Shakhovskoi began his military career as a soldier in the Semenovskii Life Guards Regiment in 1719, and he served in the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–39. He became a senator in 1741 and was chief procurator of the Synod from 1742 to 1753. Named procurator-general of the Senate in 1760, he retired in 1761. Shakhovskoi’s memoirs describe the social life of 18th-century Russia and provide a characterization of the leaders of the St. Petersburg administration.


Zapiski . . . 1705–1777. St. Petersburg, 1872.


[Radishchev, N. A.] Zhizn’ kniazia Ia. P. Shakhovskogo. Moscow, 1810.
Pekarskii, P. P. “Russkie memuary XVIII v.” Sovremennik, 1855, vol. 52.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.