Shakhrisabz

Shakhrisabz

 

a city under oblast jurisdiction and administrative center of Shakhrisabz Raion, Kashkadar’ia Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Situated in the Kitab-Shakhrisabz Oasis, on the Great Uzbek Highway (Tashkent-Termez), 5 km from the Kitab railroad station, the terminal stop on a branchline of the Karshi-Termez line. Population, 30,000 (1974).

Shakhrisabz has a cotton-ginning plant, a cannery, a winery, a creamery, a gravel plant, and an asphalt plant. Other enterprises include the Khudzhum Factory, which manufactures articles of Uzbek national arts and crafts, a silk factory, a furniture factory, and a meat-packing plant. The city also has an agricultural technicum, a pedagogical school, and a medical school.

Shakhrisabz was settled in the 13th century or later. The name of the city of Kesh, which belonged to Sogdiana, was also applied for a long time to Shakhrisabz, as well as to the historical region in the Kashkadar’ia Valley on another trade route between Samarkand and Balkh. Between the 14th and 16th centuries, Shakhrisabz was a major city in Middle Asia. Under the Sheibanids and the Ashtarkhanids it was a separate domain. In the 18th century the ruler (bek) of Shakhrisabz proclaimed his independence. After being occupied by Russian troops in 1868, Shakhrisabz and the surrounding area ruled by the bek were annexed by Bukhara.

Architectural remains include ruins of the enormous gates of the palace of Timur Ak-Sarai (1380–1404), with their rich tile ornamentation. Part of a Timurid mausoleum, the Dorus-Siadat (14th century), has also been preserved. It consists of the tall Khazrat-Imam, with its tent-shaped dome, hall, and vault. Nearby is the vault of Dzhekhangir, faced with carved marble. An ensemble of memorial structures for worship includes remains of the mausoleum of Sheikh Kulial (c. 1370) and that of the descendants of Ulug Beg, the Gumbezi-Seiidan (1437–38), which has carved marble epitaphs. Also of note are the portal and dome of the Kok-Gumbez mosque (1435–36), which once had arched galleries.

Shakhrisabz has long been a center of artistic folk embroidery and ceramics.

REFERENCES

Masson, M. E., and G. A. Pugachenkova. “Shakhrisiabz pri Timure i Ulugbeke.” In Trudy Sredneaziatskogo Gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 49. Tashkent, 1953.
Pugachenkova, G. A. Termez, Shakhrisiabz, Khiva. Moscow, 1976.

G. A. PUGACHENKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
On August 1, Shakhrisabz Palace of Culture hosted the grand opening ceremony of the First International Geotourism Forum.
UNESCO is ready to support Uzbekistan's initiative to create the first geopark in the country and throughout the CIS, as well as to hold a joint conference on this topic next year, Kristine Tovmasyan, Head of the Natural Sciences Sector in Central Asia (UNESCO) said at a briefing on the results of the First International Geotourism Forum in Shakhrisabz city of Uzbekistan.
Shakhrisabz retained its place on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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The tour visits the cities of Tashkent, Khiva, Bukhara, Shakhrisabz and Samarkand.
Places such as Nurata, Bukhara, Samarkand, Shakhrisabz, Tashkent and Fergana in Uzbekistan are famous for special types of embroidery works.
for a cotton spinning mill to be operated by a Uzbek-Turkish-Japanese joint venture in the city of Shakhrisabz, some 700 kilometers south of Tashkent.
The UNESCO World Heritage Committee adopted a decision on the world heritage site Historical Center of Shakhrisabz at the 43rd session in Baku.
At the same time, I would like to express my deep gratitude for the fact that Azerbaijan has decided to send a high-level delegation to participate in the first International Forum of Maqom Art, which was held on September 6-10 in the Uzbek city of Shakhrisabz.
Kyrgyz delegation will also take part in the International Macro Art Forum, which will be held in Shakhrisabz, Uzbekistan on September 6-10.
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