Shakhty


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Related to Shakhty: Shakhty Trial of 1928

Shakhty

(shäkh`tē), city (1989 pop. 226,000), SW European Russia; a major anthracite-mining center of the Donets Basin. Industrial products include iron, clothing, brewed beverages, and footwear. Shakhty, founded in 1829 as a coal-mining settlement, was known as Aleksandrov-Grushevski until 1920. In 1928 a "show" trial of engineers was held, at which they were accused of sabotaging production in Shakhty on orders from the Germans. The trial initiated a period of terror against technicians and engineers.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Shakhty

 

(until 1920, Aleksandrovsk-Grushevskii), a city under oblast jurisdiction in Rostov Oblast, RSFSR. Railroad station 75 km northeast of Rostov-on-Don; highway junction. Population, 223,000 (1977; 135,000 in 1939, 196,000 in 1959, 205,000 in 1970). Shakhty consists of three raions.

Shakhty’s economy is dominated by light industry, with a cotton textile combine, two footwear factories, a flax mill, a garment factory, and a ceramics combine. The coal mined in the area is processed at two enrichment plants. The Gidroprivod Plant is located in Shakhty, which also has a machine-building plant. Food-processing enterprises include a meat-packing plant, a brewery, and a milk plant. The building-materials industry in the city comprises a building-materials combine and two plants producing reinforced-concrete structural components. The city has a research and development institute of coal mining, a technological institute of consumer services, a branch of the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute, a mining technicum, an energy technicum, a medical school, and a music school. A drama theater and a museum of local lore are also located in Shakhty.

REFERENCES

Shakhty. Rostov-on-Don, 1974.
Zemlia donskaia. Rostov-on-Don, 1975.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Shakhty

an industrial city in W Russia: the chief town of the E Donets Basin; a major coal-mining centre. Pop.: 219 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(17) In the former case, the attack on the old scientific and technical intelligentsia was embodied most famously in the Shakhty and Industrial Party trials of 1928 and 1930, respectively.
He knew about the Shakhty Affair of 1928, he was at the "Industrial Party Affair." He wrote about all this [in his diary], he knew where it was all leading.
The oblast purge commission was inaugurated earlier that autumn by Zalutskii and Messing and included Efim Georgievich Evdokimov (head of the Special Department of the Moscow Cheka and later author of the Shakhty accusations) and Nikolai Pavlovich Komarov.